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Table 3 Comparison to existing literature

From: Prevalence of osteochondral lesions in the fetlock and hock joints of Standardbred horses that survived bacterial infection before 6 months of age

Cohort Horse prevalence Fetlock prevalence Hock prevalence Bilateral lesions Location of POFa
Sepsis cohort 19/28 horses (67.9%)* 14/28 horses (50%)* 11/28 horses (39.3%)* Hock lesions: 72.7%
Fetlock lesions: 42.8%
DP1b: 33.3% bilateral
POF: 25% bilateral
94% hind limb: 6% fore limb
61% medial: 39% lateral
AMG cohort [17] 318/753 horses (42.2%)* 89/753 horses (11.8%)* 108/753 horses (14.3%)* Hock OCD: 45.4% bilateral
DP1: 12.4% bilateral
94% hind limb: 6% fore limb
76.3% medial: 23.7% lateral
JP cohort [31] 285/793 horses (35.9%)* 178/793 horses (22.4%)* 91/793 horses (11.5%)* Hock OC: 45% bilateral 95.6% hind limb: 4.4% fore limb
75.5% medial: 24.5% lateral
SL cohort [30] 179/363 horses (50.7%) 84/363 horses (23.1%)* 70/363 horses (19.3%)* DIRT OCD: 37.1% bilateral
POF: 17.9% bilateral
  1. aPOF: Palmaro−/plantaro-proximal osteochondral fragment. *Statistically significantly higher in the sepsis cohort than the comparison cohorts at at p values from < 0.0001 to 0.01. bDP1: Lesions at the dorso-proximal border of the first phalanx