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Table 1 Soft tissue artifacts of the skin markers

From: Quantification of three-dimensional soft tissue artifacts in the canine hindlimb during passive stifle motion

Segment Marker rmsd (mm) rmsdx (mm) rmsdy (mm) rmsdz (mm) ∆pmax (mm) ∆px (mm) ∆py (mm) ∆pz (mm)
Thigh GT 6.1 ± 1.3 5.5 ± 1.4 1.7 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.5 19.2 ± 4.2 18.0 ± 4.4 5.4 ± 2.2 6.7 ± 1.9
LPT 4.4 ± 1.2 3.6 ± 1.5 1.2 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.5 14.1 ± 4.0 12.8 ± 4.5 4.0 ± 1.5 6.8 ± 2.0
LMT 3.6 ± 1.4 3.0 ± 1.6 1.2 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.5 13.2 ± 5.1 11.7 ± 5.3 4.1 ± 1.5 5.7 ± 2.1
LDT 3.8 ± 1.1 2.3 ± 1.0 1.4 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 0.9 13.1 ± 4.0 9.0 ± 4.2 4.8 ± 3.0 8.7 ± 3.0
LFC 5.5 ± 1.3 3.9 ± 1.8 1.2 ± 0.7 3.1 ± 1.4 16.6 ± 3.7 12.2 ± 5.0 4.0 ± 2.0 10.2 ± 4.2
CDT 8.7 ± 1.5 3.5 ± 0.8 7.3 ± 1.5 2.6 ± 1.3 25.7 ± 4.4 10.9 ± 2.7 22.0 ± 4.3 8.9 ± 4.0
CMT 8.6 ± 1.5 2.5 ± 0.7 7.4 ± 1.5 3.1 ± 1.3 25.4 ± 3.8 8.2 ± 2.2 22.1 ± 4.2 10.6 ± 3.7
CPT 9.1 ± 1.6 1.4 ± 0.7 7.7 ± 1.5 4.4 ± 1.2 27.4 ± 3.8 5.3 ± 2.4 23.2 ± 4.0 14.9 ± 3.3
Crus FH 5.7 ± 2.6 3.7 ± 2.6 3.3 ± 1.6 2.2 ± 1.3 16.7 ± 7.7 12.1 ± 7.9 9.4 ± 4.3 7.2 ± 3.7
LPC 9.8 ± 2.4 9.2 ± 2.2 1.9 ± 1.4 2.6 ± 0.9 28.7 ± 7.2 27.0 ± 6.8 5.8 ± 3.6 8.8 ± 2.9
LMC 8.5 ± 1.7 7.9 ± 1.7 1.7 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 0.7 24.4 ± 4.5 23.3 ± 4.7 5.3 ± 2.8 6.2 ± 1.4
LDC 3.2 ± 0.7 2.7 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.6 1.1 ± 0.3 9.7 ± 2.0 8.8 ± 1.9 3.6 ± 1.5 3.9 ± 0.7
LM 1.8 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.5 0.9 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.1 5.8 ± 1.4 4.6 ± 1.7 3.3 ± 0.9 3.6 ± 0.4
CDC 1.8 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.6 1.0 ± 0.4 0.8 ± 0.3 5.8 ± 1.3 4.1 ± 1.8 3.6 ± 1.2 3.3 ± 1.0
CMC 2.2 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.6 1.0 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.7 7.2 ± 2.2 4.1 ± 2.0 3.8 ± 1.2 5.3 ± 2.0
DTC 2.9 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.8 8.8 ± 2.8 4.5 ± 1.6 4.8 ± 2.6 6.7 ± 2.2
PTC 3.5 ± 1.2 1.5 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 1.0 2.0 ± 0.8 10.9 ± 4.3 4.9 ± 2.8 7.9 ± 3.9 6.9 ± 2.1
  1. The soft tissue artifacts of the markers are shown as the total magnitude of the root-mean-square amplitude (rmsd) and the rmsd along each anatomical axis (rmsdc, where c represents the x-, y-, and z-axes). The corresponding values for the total magnitude of the peak-to-peak amplitude (∆pmax) and along the three anatomical axes (∆pc) were calculated. Data are shown as the mean ± standard deviation. Marker locations are shown in Fig. 1