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Table 4 Effect of weaning stress on the relative gene expression of Fas, IFN-γ, NFκB1, NFκB2, CD62L

From: An intensive milk replacer feeding program benefits immune response and intestinal microbiota of lambs during weaning

Variable Days post weaning1 P-values3
Group 0 1 2 3 7 14 21 SEM T2 S T × S
Fas C 3.52 3.13 3.13 3.00 3.65 4.51a 3.42 0.14 NS ** NS
  H 3.14 3.32 2.65 3.34 3.73 4.07 3.37 0.15
IFN-γ C 1.85 2.60a,x 2.48 2.58a,x 3.20c,x 2.38 1.73 0.12 ** * NS
  H 1.36 1.74y 2.04 1.44y 1.82y 1.81 1.71 0.10
NFκB1 C 2.68 2.69 1.83a 3.55a 3.65a 4.82c 4.16c 0.16 NS *** NS
  H 2.82 3.11 1.24c 3.74a 2.94 4.54c 3.81a 0.19
NFκB2 C 2.54 2.06 2.16 2.47x 2.30 2.63 4.54a 0.15 * *** *
  H 2.36 2.15 1.93 1.09c,y 2.23 2.54 3.99c 0.13
CD62L C 1.86 4.01c 3.34c,x 2.41x 3.00a 3.05b 2.48 0.14 * *** **
  H 1.80 3.17b 1.80y 1.35y 2.25 3.17b 3.27c 0.16
  1. Values are expressed as least squares means (LS-means)
  2. 11, 2, 3, 7, 14, and 21 d relative to weaning (= 0 d)
  3. 2T: MR treatment; S: sampling time; T × S: MR treatment × sampling time interaction
  4. 3Superscripts a, b, c within rows to indicate the LS-means differ from 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, and 21 d compared with 0 d by P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001, respectively; x, y within columns, to indicate that the LS-means differ from C and H groups by P < 0.05; * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.01, *** P < 0.001, NS: not significant (P > 0.05)