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Table 2 Least square means of mucin staining intensity in the intestinal crypts and villi of free-range chickens in relation to diet, mucin type, gut segment and fragment

From: Modulation of intestinal microbiota, morphology and mucin composition by dietary insect meal inclusion in free-range chickens

  Factor Factor levels Mucin staining intensitya,b
Crypts Diet C 1.11 ± 0.03
TM7.5 1.14 ± 0.03
Mucin type Neutral 1.04 ± 0.03b
Acidic sialylated 1.28 ± 0.04a
Acidic sulfated 1.06 ± 0.03b
Gut segment Duodenum 1.38 ± 0.04a
Jejunum 1.05 ± 0.04b
Ileum 1.31 ± 0.04a
Cecum 0.83 ± 0.03c
Fragment Base 1.36 ± 0.04a
Midsection 1.03 ± 0.03b
Tip 1.01 ± 0.03b
Villi Diet C 1.65 ± 0.04
TM7.5 1.65 ± 0.04
Mucin type Neutral 1.63 ± 0.05
Acidic sialylated 1.72 ± 0.05
Acidic sulfated 1.61 ± 0.05
Gut segment Duodenum 1.09 ± 0.04c
Jejunum 1.91 ± 0.06b
Ileum 2.16 ± 0.06a
Fragment Base 1.78 ± 0.05a
Midsection 1.64 ± 0.05ab
Tip 1.55 ± 0.05b
  1. C control, TM7.5 7.5% inclusion level of Tenebrio molitor
  2. a Data are represented as mean of counts ± SEM
  3. b Means with different superscript letters (a, b, c) within the same column per factor (i.e. diet, mucin type, gut segment or fragment) differ significantly (P < 0.01)