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Table 2 Number of bats collected per locality (n), total number of bats (N), and infected bats (p), 95% confidence intervals of prevalences (CI) by Bartonella spp. and Coxiella burnetii

From: Coxiella and Bartonella spp. in bats (Chiroptera) captured in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome

Family: Sub-family Localities PCR assay
Jacarepagua/RJ n/N(%) APA Pratigi/BA n/N(%) PEST/SC n/N(%) Total bats N(%) Bartonella positive p/N(%;CI) Coxiella positive p/N(%; CI) Bartonella and Coxiella positive p/N(%;CI)
Phyllostomidae: Carolliinae
Carollia perspicillata 4/34(11.8) 23/34(67.7) 7/34(20.6) 34(28.6) 5/34(14.7; 4.9–31.0) NS NA
Rhinophylla pumilio 0/7(0) 7/7(100) 0/7(0) 7(5.9) 1/7(14.3; 0.3–57.8) NS NA
Phyllostomidae: Desmodontinae
Desmodus rotundus 15/15(100) 0/15(0) 0/15(0) 15(12.6) 6/15(40; 16.3–67.7) NS NA
Phyllostomidae: Glossophaginae
Anoura caudifer 0/1(0) 0/1(0) 1/1 (100) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Glossophaga soricina 2/2(100) 0/2(0) 0/2(0) 2(1.7) NS NS NA
Lonchophylla peracchii 1/1(100) 0/1(0) 0/1(0) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Phyllostomidae: Glyphonycterinae
Trinycteris nicefori 0/1(0) 1/1(100) 0/1(0) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Phyllostomidae: Micronycterinae
Micronycteris minuta 1/1(100) 0/1(0) 0/1(0) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Micronycteris sp. 1/1(100) 0/1(0) 0/1(0) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Phyllostomidae: Phyllostominae
Phyllostomus discolor 0/4(0) 4/4(100) 0/4(0) 4(3.4) 1/4(25; 0.6–80.5) NS NA
Phyllostomus hastatus 0/1(0) 0/1(0) 1/1(100) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Phyllostomidae: Stenodermatinae
Artibeus fimbriatus 3/7 (42.9) 0/7(0) 4/7(57.1) 7(5.9) 1/7(14.3; 0.3–57.8) 1/7(14.3; 0.3–57.8) 1/7(14.3; 0.3–57.8)
Artibeus lituratus 4/14(28.6) 2/14(14.3) 8/14(57.1) 14(11.8) 1/14(7.1; 0.1–33.8) 3/14(21.4; 4.6–50.7) NA
Artibeus obscurus 1/2(50) 0/2(0) 1/2(50) 2(1.7) 1/2(50; 1.2–98.7) NS NA
Artibeus planirostris 0/5(0) 5/5(100) 0/5(0) 5(4.2) NS NS NA
Chiroderma doriae 0/1(0) 0/1(0) 1/1(100) 1(0.8) NS NS NA
Dermanura cinerea 0/4(0) 4/4(100) 0/4(0) 4(3.4) NS NS NA
Sturnira lillium 6/12 (50) 0/12(0) 6/12(50) 12(10.1) 6/12(50; 21.0–78.9) NS NA
Sturnira tildae 2/2(100) 0/2(0) 0/2(0) 2(1.7) NS NS NA
Vampyressa pusilla 2/2(100) 0/2(0) 0/2(0) 2(1.7) NS NS NA
Vespertilionidae: Myotinae
Myotis nigricans 2/2(100) 0/2(0) 0/2(0) 2(1.7) NS NS NA
TOTAL 44 47 28 119 22 (18.5; 11.9–26.6) 4 (3.4; 0.9–8.3) 1(0.8; 0.02–4.5)
  1. NS negative sample, NA not applicable