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Table 6 Effects of dietary selenium sources and vitamin E levels on cytokines gene expression of 42-day broiler chickens

From: Effects of vitamin E, inorganic selenium, bacterial organic selenium, and their combinations on immunity response in broiler chickens

Items TNF-훼 IFN-γ IL-2 IL-10
Vit E mg/kg
 0 0.879 0.786 2.019 2.066
 100 1.100 0.808 3.019 4.609
Se sources
 NS 0.854 0.911 1.524 2.829
 SS 1.134 0.798 3.029 3.633
 ADS18-Se 0.981 0.682 3.006 3.551
 SEM 0.226 0.169 0.259 0.296
P values
 Vit 0.0048 0.6935 <.0001 <.0001
 Se 0.0133 0.0117 <.0001 <.0006
 Se*Vit <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Vit E 0 NS 1.000a 1.000a 1.000c 1.000c
SS 0.992a 0.875b 1.203b 2.796b
ADS18-Se 0.644b 0.483c 2.756a 2.402b
Vit E 100 NS 0.708b 0.822b 1.048c 4.658a
SS 0.975a 0.720b 3.655a 4.470a
ADS18-Se 0.918a 0.882b 2.257b 4.699a
SEM 0.061 0.042 0.258 0.294
  1. a-bMeans with different superscripts within a row-subgroup are significantly different (P < 0.05)
  2. a-cmeans with different superscripts within a column are significantly different (P < 0.05)
  3. NS no Se supplement, SS sodium selenite, ADS18-Se bacterial organic Se. Experimental unit, (n = 12)