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Table 1 Selected metabolic parameters in the experimental and healthy control groups (means ± SE)

From: Serum hepatokines in dairy cows: periparturient variation and changes in energy-related metabolic disorders

Parameter Healthy (n = 30) Clinical Ketosis (n = 29) Fatty liver (n = 25)
AST (U/L) 42.15 ± 3.12 160.28 ± 15.79** 348.13 ± 25.5**
ALT (U/L) 19.21 ± 0.45 22.29 ± 0.93 74.30 ± 2.15**
LDH (U/L) 862.31 ± 22.21 1012.73 ± 55.15** 1048.60 ± 63.67**
ALP (U/L) 51.33 ± 3.85 53.10 ± 2.18 49.96 ± 3.39
TNF-α (ng/L) 206.97 ± 35.39 170.65 ± 15.10 1551.12 ± 102.37**
IL-6 (ng/L) 6.42 ± 0.60 7.13 ± 1.95 59.23 ± 10.34**
  1. **P < 0.01 versus healthy cows