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Table 3 Analysis of risk factors for first movement after disbudding in goat kids anaesthetised with different protocols by certified Swiss farmers. Final generalized estimation equation model correcting for the effect of the herd, n = 30 herds and 166 goat kids (CI, confidence interval; Ref, reference). Eight goat kids were excluded, because first movement could not be exactly observed

From: Evaluation of anaesthesia and analgesia quality during disbudding of goat kids by certified Swiss farmers

Risk factor Beta (in minutes) 95%CI p-Value
Anaesthesia protocol < 0.001
 Recommended xylazine-ketamine mixture Ref Ref Ref
 Xylazine-ketamine (other dosage) 7.0 −4.2-18.1 0.223
 Xylazine 17.4 1.4–33.4 0.033
 Xylazine-Lidocaine 50.2 40.4–59.9 < 0.001
Breed < 0.001
 Chamois-Coloured Ref Ref Ref
 Saanen 20.7 8.3–33.1 0.001
 Toggenburg 18.6 7.9–29.3 < 0.001
Grisons Striped −7.1 −25.7-11.5 0.454
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