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Table 3 Effect of Salmonella Typhimurium infection on serum biochemical parameters at different days post infection (dpi)

From: Expression kinetics of natural resistance associated macrophage protein (NRAMP) genes in Salmonella Typhimurium-infected chicken

Parameter Group (Control (N = 6) (Infected (N = 6) 0 (dpi) 1 (dpi) 3 (dpi) 5 (dpi) 7 (dpi) 9 (dpi) 11 (dpi) 13 (dpi) 15 (dpi)
ALT (IU/L) Control 8.98a ± 0.097 9.27a ± 0.123 9.40a ± 0.135 9.63a ± 0.138 9.76a ± 0.097 10.05a ± 0.085 10.19a ± 0.109 10.43a ± 0.124 10.87a ± 0.175
Infected 9.08a ± 0.138 25.62b ± 0.221 45.60b ± 0.380 63.90b ± 0.219 67.88b ± 0.237 73.96b ± 0.317 78.34b ± 0.218 82.41b ± 0.276 86.28b ± 0.364
AST (IU/L) Control 39.20a ± 0.127 39.99a ± 0.282 41.08a ± 0.388 42.94a ± 0.178 42.94a ± 0.452 43.45a ± 0.405 44.34a ± 0.261 45.45a ± 0.332 46.06a ± 0.251
Infected 39.77a ± 0.177 44.48b ± 0.638 49.73b ± 0.779 54.46b ± 0.910 67.27b ± 1.136 77.81b ± 0.438 90.26b ± 0.535 108.44b ± 0.763 120.81b ± 0.862
Albumin (g/dl) Control 0.848a ± 0.006 0.888a ± 0.004 0.901a ± 0.003 0.927a ± 0.003 0.964a ± 0.002 0.985a ± 0.003 1.011a ± 0.006 1.063a ± 0.008 1.111a ± 0.013
Infected 0.839a ± 0.005 0.837b ± 0.001 0.845b ± 0.001 0.851b ± 0.001 0.871b ± 0.001 0.891b ± 0.002 0.911b ± 0.004 0.932b ± 0.002 0.950b ± 0.001
Protein (g/dl) Control 1.698a ± 0.004 1.756a ± 0.006 1.876a ± 0.008 1.990a ± 0.012 2.051a ± 0.013 2.150a ± 0.005 2.215a ± 0.008 2.365a ± 0.007 2.543a ± 0.014
Infected 1.680aa ± 0.003 1.726b ± 0.004 1.745b ± 0.008 1.798b ± 0.009 1.816b ± 0.009 1.861b ± 0.003 1.925b ± 0.004 1.981b ± 0.007 2.021b ± 0.017
Glucose (mg/dl) Control 145.31a ± 0.672 155.94a ± 0.407 162.1a ± 0.667 170.44a ± 0.322 195.60a ± 0.440 210.54a ± 0.211 235.52a ± 0.588 256.00a ± 0.470 275.84a ± 0.741
Infected 148.36a ± 0.297 170.89b ± 0.672 178.7b ± 0.759 197.51b ± 0.634 211.34b ± 0.978 232.04b ± 0.293 247.13b ± 0.694 269.92b ± 0.297 290.03b ± 0.752
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SE
  2. Values having different superscript (a and b) differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  3. Number of birds from each group that were evaluated at each time point (dpi) was 6, each sample was run in duplicates. Statistical analysis was done using unpaired Student′s t-test and by one way ANOVA followed by Fisher′s LSD test