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Table 1 Effect of nonionic surfactants on PCV2 infection in PK-15 cells

From: Tween-20 transiently changes the surface morphology of PK-15 cells and improves PCV2 infection

Agent Concentration Relative % of PCV2-infected cells (± S.D.)α
Tween-20 0.03% 880 ± 128
  0.02% 715 ± 152
  0.01% 380 ± 128
Tween-28 0.1% 140 ± 18
  0.05% 110 ± 20
  0.03% 90 ± 10
Tween-40 0.1% 175 ± 52
  0.05% 180 ± 37
  0.03% 145 ± 15
Tween-80 0.2% 430 ± 75
  0.1% 350 ± 60
  0.03% 270 ± 45
Brij-30 0.0005% 175 ± 35
  0.0003% 190 ± 43
  0.0001% 230 ± 45
Brij-35 0.0005% 250 ± 30
  0.0003% 458 ± 84
  0.0001% 469 ± 60
NP-40 0.02% 150 ± 45
  0.01% 400 ± 75
  0.005% 220 ± 58
Triton X-100 0.02% 232 ± 58
  0.01% 400 ± 13
  0.005% 460 ± 67
  1. αThe percentages of PCV2-infected PK-15 cells following treatment with different agents are expressed relative to the number of PCV2-infected cells in untreated PK-15 cells. The data are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation of three experiments