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Table 1 Comparative characteristics of cutaneous lupus erythematosus variants in dogs

From: Cutaneous lupus erythematosus in dogs: a comprehensive review

Most commonly affected breeds Shetland sheepdogs, rough collies and border collies German shorthaired pointers and Magyar viszlas German shepherd dogs German shepherd dogs Chinese crested dogs
Ages of onset: median (range) 5.5 (2.0–11.0) 0.7 (0.2–3.5) 6.0 (3.0–13.0) 7.0 (1.0–12.0) 9.0 (5.0–12.0)
female-to-male ratios 0.9 1.4 1.8 0.7 1.0
Most common skin lesions figurate erythema, flaccid vesicles and erosions erythema, scaling, follicular casts, alopecia and occasional scarring erosions, ulcers with or without peripheral hyperpigmentation dyspigmentation, erythema, erosions, ulcers, scaling crusting, dyspigmentation, erythema, erosions, ulcers, scaling, crusting
Most common lesion distribution abdomen, axillae, medial thighs, concave pinnae and perimucosal areas trunk, muzzle, pinnae and abdomen genital, perigenital, anal, perianal, periocular and perilabial areas nasal planum and dorsal muzzle trunk, lateral legs and abdomen
Systemic signs typically not seen lymphadenomegaly, arthralgia, and reproductive defects typically not seen typically not seen typically not seen
Most relevant clinical mimics erythema multiforme sebaceous adenitis mucocutaneous pyoderma, mucous membrane pemphigoid and erythema multiforme variants mucocutaneous pyoderma, epitheliotropic cell lymphoma and uveodermatological syndrome hyperkeratotic erythema multiforme and generalized ischemic dermatopathies
  1. Disease name abbreviations are listed at the end of this paper