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Table 1 Characteristics of the dog population included in the study

From: Preliminary studies on isolates of Clostridium difficile from dogs and exotic pets

Variable Number samples (%) Number positive samples (%) to CD p a Number toxigenic CD strains (%)b
Gender 1  
 Female 47 (52.2) 3 (6.4)   2 (4.2)
 Male 43 (47.8) 3 (7) 2 (4.6)
Agec 0.42  
 0–4 m 25 (27.8) 2 (8)   2 (8)
 5–12 m 21 (23.3) 0 0
 13–72 m 21 (23.3) 2 (9.5) 2 (9.5)
  ≥ 73 m 9 (10) 0 0
Spanish geographical region 0.77  
 North 36 (40) 2 (5.6)   2 (5.6)
 Northeast 42 (46.7) 3 (7.1) 2 (4.8)
 Centre 7 (7.8) 1 (14.3) 0
 Southeast 5 (5.5) 0 0
Season 0.71  
 Winter 31 (34.4) 1 (3.2)   1 (3.2)
 Spring 9 (10) 1 (11.1) 1 (11.1)
 Summer 3 (3.3) 0 0
 Fall 47 (52.2) 4 (8.5) 2 (4.3)
Breedd 0.63  
 Large 40 (44.4) 2 (5)   1 (2.5)
 Medium 29 (32.2) 2 (6.9) 2 (6.9)
 Small 13 (14.4) 0 0
Dysbiosis 0.66  
 No 28 (31.1) 1 (3.6)   0
 Yes 62 (68.9) 5 (8.1) 4 (6.5)
  1. CD Clostridium difficile; aUnivariable logistic regression; bpercentages calculated from the total number of samples; cage unknown for 14 samples (two of them are positive to non-toxigenic C. difficile); dbreed unknown for eight samples (one of them is positive to toxigenic C. difficile and another one to non-toxigenic C. difficile)