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Table 7 Bovine tuberculosis awareness, education levels, and raw milk consumption habit among farmers keeping cattle, goats and camels, within the traditional livestock farming system in Eritrea

From: Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle, goats, and camels of traditional livestock raising communities in Eritrea

Variables Cattle owners (n = 232) Goats owners (n = 128) Camel owners (n = 29) Overall (n = 389)
TB awareness Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
 Yes 109 (47.0) 46 (35.9) 10 (34.5) 165 (42.4)
 No 123 (53) 82 (64.1) 19 (65.5) 224 (57.6)
BTB animal to humans
 Yes 151 (65.1) 91 (71.1) 13 (44.8) 255 (65.6)
 No 24 (10.4) 9 (7.0) 10 (34.5) 43 (11.0)
 I don’t know 57 (24.7) 28 (21.9) 6 (20.7) 91 (23.4)
TB human to animals
 Yes 23 (9.9) 22 (17.2) 5 (17.2) 50 (12.9)
 No 79 (34.1) 37 (28.9) 15 (51.7) 131 (33.7)
 I don’t know 130 (56.0) 69 (53.9) 9 (31.0) 208 (53.5)
Level of education
 No education (cannot read and write) 93 (40.1) 53 (41.4) 21 (72.4) 167 (42.9)
 Low (literate; grade 1–5 of formal education) 87 (37.5) 56 (43.8) 3 (10.3) 146 (37.5)
 Medium (grade 6–8 of formal education) 46 (19.8) 18 (14.1) 4 (13.8) 68 (17.5)
 Higher (grade 9–12 formal /college level) 6 (2.6) 1 (0.8) 1 (3.4) 8 (2.1)
Raw milk consumption
 Yes 57 (24.6) 31 (24.2) 25 (86.2) 113 (29.0)
 No 175 (75.4) 97 (75.8) 4 (13.8) 276 (71.0)