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Table 3 Results of foreign body tests in cattle with traumatic reticuloperitonitis

From: Clinical and laboratory findings in 503 cattle with traumatic reticuloperitonitis

Test Finding Number of cattle Percent
Pole test
(n = 488)
Positive 210 43
Questionable 72 15
Negative 206 42
Pinching of the withers
(n = 495)
Positive 191 39
Questionable 80 16
Negative 224 45
Pain percussion
(n = 494)
Positive 120 24
Questionable 91 19
Negative 283 57
  1. Positive: at least three of four tests elicited a grunt
  2. Questionable: two of four tests elicited a grunt
  3. Negative: none or one of four tests elicited a grunt