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Table 2 Least-squares means (LSMEANS) and standard deviation (SD) for white blood cell counts (WBC), neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6), serum amyloid A (SAA), C-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (Hp), iron (Fe) and albumin (ALB) in 38 sows with postpartum dysgalactia syndrome (PDS+) and 38 healthy sows (PDS-)

From: Inflammatory markers before and after farrowing in healthy sows and in sows affected with postpartum dysgalactia syndrome

  A. (-60 to -36 h) B. (-36 to -24 h) C. (-24 to -12 h) D. (-12 to 0 h) E. (0 to 12 h) F. (12 to 24 h) G. (24 to 36 h)
Parameter Group n LSMEANS ±SD LSMEANS ±SD LSMEANS ±SD LSMEANS ±SD LSMEANS ±SD LSMEANS ±SD LSMEANS ±SD
White blood cells PDS+ 110 11.46 0.69 11.29 0.58 12.62 1.04 12.14 0.58 15.45 1.04 8.74**** 0.66 6.15 1.45
PDS- 126 10.77 0.58 11.22 0.57 11.68 0.97 11.09 0.55 13.94 1.16 12.20**** 0.60 9.24 1.18
Neutrophils PDS+ 110 6.35 0.59 6.36 0.49 7.93 0.90 8.34 0.49 11.53 0.89 5.22** 0.56 3.35 1.25
PDS- 126 5.57 0.49 6.39 0.49 6.43 0.83 7.09 0.48 8.9 1.00 7.46** 0.51 4.35 1.01
Lymphocytes PDS+ 110 3.96 1.07 3.81 1.05 3.69 1.10 2.74* 1.05 2.43 1.10 2.22**** 1.06 1.90* 1.14
PDS- 126 3.95 1.05 3.75 1.05 3.83 1.01 3.20* 1.05 3.23 1.12 3.30**** 1.06 2.69* 1.12
Tumor necrosis factor-α PDS+ 121 30.04 1.15 31.81 1.13 32.27 1.21 31.02 1.13 34.35 1.21 130.43**** 1.14 130.36* 1.26
PDS- 119 31.53 1.15 32.80 1.13 29.87 1.20 31.71 1.13 34.23 1.22 55.21**** 1.14 58.99* 1.25
Interleukin 6 PDS+ 121 19.10 1.13 22.28 1.11 19.94 1.20 24.61 3.03 24.76 1.20 39.20*** 1.13 39.54 1.25
PDS- 119 20.50 1.13 22.23 1.12 21.15 1.20 22.81 1.11 20.70 1.22 22.06*** 1.12 21.47 1.24
Serum amyloid A PDS+ 120 15.01 1.27 12.81 1.22 13.33 1.42 14.84 1.23 54.20 1.42 187.41 1.26 234.58 1.53
PDS- 122 18.45 1.26 20.63 1.24 19.81 1.41 21.36 1.23 69.06 1.46 145.13 1.24 292.72 1.52
C-reactive protein PDS+ 122 10.03 1.18 8.71 1.13 13.72 1.26 14.86 1.16 24.60 1.26 56.30 1.17 71.52 1.32
PDS- 122 9.23 1.18 11.80 1.16 11.05 1.25 14.65 1.16 29.14 1.27 48.52 1.17 53.02 1.31
Haptoglobin PDS+ 122 2.24 0.08 2.26 0.08 2.35 0.10 2.30 0.08 2.31 0.10 2.73* 0.08 2.92* 0.12
PDS- 122 2.11 0.08 2.15 0.08 2.16 0.10 2.15 0.08 2.23 0.10 2.46* 0.08 2.56* 0.11
Iron PDS+ 122 24.36 1.51 23.40 1.23 22.16 2.23 18.30 1.27 16.75 2.22 20.86 1.38 17.97* 2.73
PDS- 125 23.30 1.44 21.22 1.30 23.42 2.20 21.12 1.25 21.28 2.32 24.08 1.30 26.40* 2.68
Albumin PDS+ 122 37.31 1.09 37.38 0.90 37.82 1.60 37.74 0.93 38.38 1.59 41.99 1.00 40.15 1.95
PDS- 125 36.67 1.04 38.52 0.94 37.17 1.57 39.73 0.91 37.79 1.66 39.88 0.95 42.83 1.91
Total protein PDS+ 122 72.29 1.03 71.20 1.02 72.76 1.04 70.74 1.02 70.73 1.04 76.14 1.03 76.50 1.05
PDS- 125 69.30 1.03 72.54 1.02 68.87 1.04 73.29 1.02 68.92 1.04 72.93 1.02 77.71 1.05
Hemoglobin PDS+ 110 6.51 0.12 6.32 0.10 6.31 0.17 6.31 0.10 6.02 0.17 6.41 0.11 6.50 0.23
PDS- 126 6.44 0.10 6.34 0.10 6.38 0.16 6.29 0.10 6.46 0.18 6.22 0.10 6.39 0.19
Hematocrit PDS+ 110 0.35 0.01 0.34 0.01 0.34 0.01 0.34 0.01 0.32 0.01 0.34 0.01 0.34 0.01
PDS- 126 0.34 0.01 0.34 0.01 0.35 0.01 0.33 0.01 0.35 0.01 0.33 0.01 0.34 0.01
  1. Asterisk symbols indicating significant differences between PDS+ and PDS- sows: **** p<0.0001, *** p< 0.001, ** p<0.01, * p<0.05
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