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Table 1 Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of Giardia duodenalis in dogs, as determined by direct fluorescent antibody assay. Results have been categorized according to sex, status, and geographical region of origin of the investigated dogs (n = 348) from Castellón, Spain, 2014–2016. Chi-square determined P-values are indicated

From: Occurrence and molecular epidemiology of Giardia duodenalis infection in dog populations in eastern Spain

Variable No. Giardia duodenalis Percent 95% CI P-value
Sexa
 Male 158 46 29.1 22.6–36.6 .513
 Female 119 39 32.8 25.0–41.6  
Status
 Sheltered dog 218 88 40.4 34.1–47.0 .045
 Breeding dog 24 11 45.8 27.9–64.9  
 Pet dog 14 5 35.7 16.3–61.2  
 Hunting dog 68 14 20.6 12.7–31.6  
 Shepherd dog 24 9 37.5 21.2–57.3  
Originb
 Alcalatén 5 4 80.0 37.6–96.4 .152c
 Alto Palancia 10 4 40.0 16.8–68.7  
 Alto Maestrazgo 12 2 16.7 4.7–44.8  
 Bajo Maestrazgo 175 73 41.7 34.7–49.1  
 Plana Baja 45 14 31.1 19.5–45.7  
 Plana Alta 101 30 29.7 21.7–39.2  
  1. aNo data available from 71 dogs
  2. bPlace of living of the dog at the moment of sampling. For sheltered dogs the term refers to the municipality where the animal was captured or surrendered
  3. cDogs from the municipality of Alcalatén were not included in the statistical analysis because of low sample size