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Table 2 BCoV and BRSV RNA in human nasal swabs

From: Temporary carriage of bovine coronavirus and bovine respiratory syncytial virus by fomites and human nasal mucosa after exposure to infected calves

  BCoVa experiment BRSVb experiment Winter dysentery outbreak
Hours between exposure and sampling Total no. of swabs No. of positive swabs (%) Total no. of swabs No. of positive swabs (%) Total no. of swabs No. of positive swabs (%)
−0.5 67 0 NDc ND ND ND
0.5 80 37 (46%) 26 9 (35%) 7 1 (14%)
2 68 10 (15%) ND ND 1 0
4 38 2 (5%) ND ND 12 0
6 28 0 ND ND ND ND
24 11 0 ND ND ND ND
Total 292 49 (17%) 26 9 (35%) 20 1 (5%)
  1. RT-qPCR and droplet digital RT-PCR results in swabs from the nasal cavity of personnel before and after exposure to BCoV or BRSV infected calves
  2. aBCoV – bovine coronavirus
  3. bBRSV – bovine respiratory syncytial virus
  4. cND = Not done