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Table 1 Overview of personnel and fomites that were sampled after exposure to virus shedding animals

From: Temporary carriage of bovine coronavirus and bovine respiratory syncytial virus by fomites and human nasal mucosa after exposure to infected calves

  BCoVa experiment BRSVb experiment Winter dysentery outbreak in dairy herd
No. of animals 10 8 300
No. of persons 16 12 19
Personnel
 No. of challenges 86 26 19
 Hours between exposure and sampling −0.5, 0.5, 2, 4 and 6 0.5 0.5, 2, 4
Fomites
 No. of challenges 44 38
 No. and types 12 rubber coats,
16 rubber boots,
8 stethoscopes,
8 wrist watches
19 rubber coats,
19 rubber boots
 Hours between exposure and sampling 0, 2 and 24 2 and 24
  1. Sample collection was performed during two animal experiments and one outbreak of winter dysentery (caused by BCoV). aBCoV – bovine coronavirus, bBRSV - bovine respiratory syncytial virus