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Table 4 Least Square Means ± Standard Error of serum electrolytes and some metabolic variables in buffalo calves with abomasal impaction compared with clinically healthy controls

From: Significance of clinical observations and biochemical alterations in buffalo calves with dietary abomasal impaction

Variables Control (n = 10) Survivors (n = 11) Non-Survivors (n = 9)
Sodium (mmol/L) 135.70 ± 0.45 135.55 ± 0.73 136.78 ± 0.465
Potassium (mmol/L) 4.52 ± 0.17c 3.00 ± 0.14b 2.21 ± 0.01a
Chloride (mmol/L) 99.40 ± 0.96c 81.73 ± 0.91b 70.33 ± 1.8a
Lactate (μg/ml) 219.40 ± 2.1a 330.45 ± 16.1b 690.00 ± 65.6c
Glucose (mmol/L) 3.35 ± 0.04c 3.00 ± 0.05b 2.61 ± 0.11a
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.42 ± 0.14b 1.93 ± 0.17a 1.84 ± 0.15a
Phosphorus (mmol/L) 1.27 ± 0.033 1.25 ± 0.030 1.26 ± 0.04
  1. a, b, c: Variables with different superscript in the same row are significantly different at P < 0.05