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Table 1 Clinical findings and outcome of abomasal impaction in buffalo calves (n = 20)

From: Significance of clinical observations and biochemical alterations in buffalo calves with dietary abomasal impaction

Variables Survivors (n = 11) Non- Survivors (n = 9)
Heart rate (Beat/min) 65.72 ± 5.98 66.44 ± 8.24
Respiratory rate (Cycle/min) 14.27 ± 2.14 14.77 ± 1.48
Rectal temperature °C 38.31 ± 0.34 38.42 ± 0.35
Appetite Inappetance (2/11); Anorexia (9/11) Anorexia (9/9)
Distension of the abdomen Present (11/11) Present (9/9)
Defecation Dry, scanty feces (6/11); Absent (5/11) Dry and scanty feces (1/9); Absent (8/9)
Dropping cuds Present (1/11) Present (3/9)
Frothy salivation Present (3/11) Present (4/9)
Expiratory grunting Absent (11/11) Present (4/9)
Auscultation of the rumen Hypomotile (2/11); Stasis (9/11) Stasis (9/9)
Deep palpation and strong percussion of right flank region Tender (1/11) Tender (4/9)
Ballottement of left flank region Fluid splashing sound (2/11); Firm mass (9/11) Firm mass (9/9)
Ballottement of the lower portion of the right abdominal flank Firm mass (11/11) Firm mass (9/9)