Skip to main content

Table 1 Signalment and imaging findings in 178 French bulldogs with thoracolumbar IVDE (n = 47), cervical IVDE (n = 30) or without IVDE (n = 101)

From: Evaluation of the influence of kyphosis and scoliosis on intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs

Variable French bulldogs with thoracolumbar IVDE (n = 47) French bulldogs with cervical IVDE (n = 30) French bulldogs without IVDE (n = 101) Risk factor for thoracolumbar or cervical IVDE?
Male (%) 31 (66) 21 (70) 76 (75.2) N/A
Female (%) 16 (34) 9 (30) 25 (24.8) N/A
Mean age in years (range) 3.6 (1.6–6.6) 3.4 (1.4–6.9) 2.25 (0.33–10.2) Yes (p < 0.001; OR 1.03)
Thoracic vertebral malformation (%) 44 (93.6) 24 (80) 90 (89) No
Scoliosis (%) 13 (27.7) 6 (20) 21 (20.8) No
Kyphosis (%) 27 (57.4) 14 (47) 33 (33) Yes (p = 0.038; OR 1.98)
Median Cobb angle for kyphosis (range) 21.8 (1–47.9) 9.9 (0.6–67) 9.1 (0.2–72) N/A
  1. IVDE Intervertebral disc extrusion
\