Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of some of the non-numerical parameters regarding cattle herd management and performance in Western Uganda

From: Biosecurity aspects of cattle production in Western Uganda, and associations with seroprevalence of brucellosis, salmonellosis and bovine viral diarrhoea

  Kabarole
n (%)
Kamwenge
n (%)
Kasese
n (%)
Total study area
n (%)
Total 55 49 40 144
Herd size*
 2-5 35 (64) 13 (26.5) 2 (5) 50 (34.7)
 6-10 11 (20) 14 (28.6) 7 (17.5) 32 (22.2)
 11-20 4 (7.3) 11 (22.4) 6 (15) 21 (14.6)
 21-50 5 (9.1) 6 (12.2) 14 (35) 25 (17.4)
 51-100 0 3 (6.1) 9 (22.5) 12 (8.3)
 101-150 0 0 0 0
 151-200 0 2 (4.1) 2 (5) 4 (2.8)
Purpose of cattle *
 Beef 0 0 2 (5) 2 (1.4)
 Dairy 24 (43.6) 19 (38.8) 7 (17.5) 50 (34.7)
 Dairy and beef 29 (52.7) 30 (61.2) 27 (67.5) 86 (59.7)
 Other 2 (3.6) 0 4 (10) 6 (4.2)
Cattle care by
 Husband/wife* 54 (98.2) 35 (71.4) 21 (52.5) 110 (76.4)
 Other family* 43 (78.2) 26 (53.1) 18 (45.0) 87 (60.4)
 Employees* 18 (32.7) 27 (55.1) 26 (65.0) 71 (49.3)
Decision regarding cattle made by
 Husband/wife 54 (98.2) 47 (95.9) 39 (97.5) 140 (97.2)
 Other family* 22 (40.0) 12 (24.4) 3 (7.5) 37 (25.7)
 Employees 0 1 (2.0) 0 1 (0.7)
You, family, employees have contact with other’s cattle* 26 (47.2) 18 (36.7) 29 (72.5) 73 (50.7)
Visitors to cattle
 Wash hands before 6 (10.9) 5 (10.2) 9 (22.5) 20 (13.9)
 Clean boots or feet 0 3 (6.1) 2 (5.0) 5 (3.5)
Share equipment with other farmers 20 (36.4) 11 (22.4) 8 (20.0) 39 (27.1)
Farmers in area help each other with cattle 21 (38.2) 21 (42.9) 22 (55.0) 64 (44.4)
New cattle put directly with the herd
 Always 47 (85.5) 37 (75.5) 30 (75.0) 114 (79.2)
 Never 2 (3.6) 5 (10.2) 4 (10.0) 11 (7.6)
 Sometimes 1 (1.8) 0 1 (2.5) 2 (1.4)
 Never bought 3 (5.5) 5 (10.2) 4 (12.5) 13 (9.0)
 Missing value 2 (3.6) 2 (4.1) 0 4 (2.8)
Preventive measures for healthy cattle last 12 months
 Tick spray/ dip 54 (98.2) 48 (98.0) 40 (100) 142 (98.6)
 Traditional medicine 1 (1.8) 2 (4.1) 0 3 (2.1)
 Cattle kept separate from other cattle herds 1 (1.8) 2 (4.1) 4 (10) 7 (4.9)
 Antibiotics or other drugs* 39 (70.9) 45 (91.8) 39 (97.5) 123 (85.4)
 Deworming 53 (96.4) 46 (93.9) 39 (97.5) 138 (95.8)
 Vaccination* 8 (14.5) 2 (4.1) 12 (30.0) 22 (15.2)
Has own bull* 10 (18.2) 24 (49.0) 26 (65.0) 60 (41.7)
Use communal bull* 42 (76.4) 24 (49.0) 14 (35.0) 80 (55.6)
Use artificial insemination 7 (12.7) 1 (2.0) 1 (2.5) 9 (6.3)
Cattle on pasture 51 (92.7) 49 (100) 40 (100) 140 (97.2)
Cattle on pasture tethered* 16 (29.1) 11 (22.4) 1 (2.5) 28 (19.4)
Fenced pastures*
 Yes 24 (43.6) 16 (32.7) 13 (32.5) 53 (36.8)
 Yes, partly 19 (34.5) 22 (44.9) 5 (12.5) 46 (31.9)
 No 8 (14.5) 11 (22.4) 22 (55) 41 (28.5)
Shared pasture 18 (32.7) 19 (38.8) 24 (60.0) 61 (42.4)
Use pasture in national park* 1 (1.8) 0 17 (42.5) 18 (12.5)
Wildlife on the pasture 22 (40.0) 15 (30.6) 23 (57.5) 60 (41.7)
Water to cattle from open water* 23 (41.8) 9 (18.4) 35 (87.5) 67 (46.5)
Water to cattle from a well* 27 (49.1) 42 (85.7) 2 (5.0) 71 (49.3)
Water to cattle from tap 9 (16.4) 1 (2.0) 4 (10.0) 14 (9.7)
Other livestock on the farm or in the household 52 (94.5) 47 (95.9) 35 (87.5) 134 (93.1)
 goat 45 (81.8) 40 (81.6) 28 ()70.0 113 (78.5)
 chicken 40 (72.7) 39 (79.6) 28 (70.0) 107 (74.3)
 pig* 18 (32.7) 11 (22.4) 2 (5.0) 31 (21.5)
 dog* 24 (43.6) 5 (10.2) 8 (20.0) 37 (25.7)
Farmer was satisfied with the health of the cattle over the last 12 months* 43 (78.2) 41 (83.7) 20 (50.0) 104 (72.2)
  1. * Statistically significant (p < 0.01) difference between districts at Fisher exact test
  2. Data from an interview with the farm owner or manager of 144 cattle herds in Western Uganda. All variables refer to the last 12 months prior to the sampling occasion. The study was performed in 2015