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Table 3 Values for the heart and respiratory rate before and during sedation

From: Effect of butorphanol, midazolam or ketamine on romifidine based sedation in horses during standing cheek tooth removal

Sedation protocol R RB RM RK
Heart rate baseline 53 ± 22 44 ± 8 47 ± 11 44 ± 7
Heart rate sedation 29 ± 4a 29 ± 2a 31 ± 3a 28 ± 3a
Respiratory rate baseline 22 ± 6 19 ± 3 22 ± 12 21 ± 6
Respiratory rate sedation 13 ± 3a 13 ± 3a 12 ± 3a 14 ± 5a
  1. Results are listed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. Group R Romifidine only, group RB Romifidine and Butorphanol, group RM Romifidine and Midazolam, group RK Romifidine and Ketamine
  3. a= significant difference to baseline measurement