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Table 1 Chemical composition and isotopic composition of the lipid and lipid-free fraction of the feeds and grass carp analysed during the experiment

From: Leaves from banana (Musa nana) and maize (Zea mays) have no phyto-prophylactic effects on the susceptibility of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection

  Pellets Banana Leaves Maize Fish fed the un-supplemented pellets Fish fed the Banana leaves diet Fish fed the Maize leaves diet
     Non-infected Infected Non-infected Infected Non-infected Infected
Dry Matter [% FM] 92.6 22.2 25.7 32.3 ± 1.2 31.1 ± 1.4 30.1 ± 1.0 30.0 ± 1.2 30.7 ± 0.7 31 ± 0.8
Crude Ash [% FM] 7.6 9.3 12.5 9.5 ± 0.5 9.5 ± 0.7 10.4 ± 0.7 10.5 ± 1.1 10.1 ± 0.5 9.7 ± 0.2
Crude Protein [% FM] 43.5 20.0 27.9 43.5 ± 0.8 45.7 ± 1.4 45.3 ± 5.4 48.0 ± 3.3 50.1 ± 4.5 49.9 ± 8.6
Crude Lipid [% FM] 8.3 5.4 4.9 39.7 ± 1.3 39.1 ± 2.4 35.0 ± 2.4 34.5 ± 3.9 36.0 ± 3.2 36.7 ± 2.0
Gross Energy [Mj kg−1 DM] 19.7 19.7 18.4 26.7 ± 0.3 26.6 ± 0.6 26.1 ± 0.2 25.7 ± 0.7 25.5 ± 0.6 26.0 ± 0.4
δ 13C/12C in lipid fraction −26 −30.7 −20.6 −27.3 ± 0.0 −27.4 ± 0.1 −27.5 ± 0.1 −27.6 ± 0.0 −26.7 ± 0.1 −26.8 ± 0.1
δ 13C/12C in lipid-free fraction −24.7 −26.7 −12.4 −22.8 ± 0.0 −22.8 ± 0.0 −23.0 ± 0.0 −23.0 ± 0.1 −21.8 ± 0.2 −21.6 ± 0.2
δ 15N/14N in lipid fraction 62.7 49.9 30.6 84.9 ± 14.1 127.8 ± 1.2 90.4 ± 20.0 87.9 ± 12.1 79.0 ± 16.3 113.0 ± 35.5
δ 15N/14N in lipid-free fraction 4.8 7.7 4.0 7.9 ± 0.1 7.8 ± 0.1 7.9 ± 0.2 7.9 ± 0.2 8.2 ± 0.1 8.0 ± 0.3
  1. Three different feeding regimes were applied as well as bacterial infection with Aeromonas hydrophila. In total, 18 groups were included and each combination of feeding group and infectious status (infected and mock infected) was represented by three tanks. The values in this table represent the mean and standard deviation for each parameter