Skip to main content

Table 1 Treatment groups

From: Local anaesthetics or their combination with morphine and/or magnesium sulphate are toxic for equine chondrocytes and synoviocytes in vitro

Group Treatment
1 Control
2 Mepivacaine only
3 Mepivacaine + morphine
4 Mepivacaine + MgSO4
5 Mepivacaine + morphine + MgSO4
6 Morphine only
7 MgSO4 only
8 Morphine + MgSO4
9 Bupivacaine only
10 Bupivacaine + morphine
11 Bupivacaine + MgSO4
12 Bupivacaine + morphine + MgSO4
  1. Treatment groups to which synoviocyte-articular cartilage explant co-cultures were exposed. Concentrations used were mepivacaine 4.4 mg/ml, bupivacaine 2.2 mg/ml, morphine 2.85 mg/ml and magnesium sulphate 37 mg/ml diluted in DMEM complete to a total volume of 2 ml per well