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Table 1 Results for parameter values (mean +/− standard deviation) for all cycles (0–250) in relation to pin groups

From: A biomechanical comparison of Kirschner-wire fixation on fracture stability in Salter-Harris type I fractures of the proximal humeral physis in a porcine cadaveric model

Parameter Collection Method Number of Fixation Pins
Three Two One
Stiffness (N-m/o) MTS* 1.18 ± 0.21a 1.10 ± 0.23a 1.16 ± 0.35a
Toggle (o) MTS 4.25 ± 1.05a 5.08 ± 1.63a 6.41 ± 2.05b
Gross Angular MTS 6.64 ± 1.03a 7.81 ± 1.73a 9.74 ± 2.36b
Displacement (o) Motion Analysis 2.34 ± 1.06e 2.75 ± 1.26f 4.22 ± 1.79g
  1. Within each row, values that have different superscript letters are significantly different (p < 0.05). Within the columns of gross angular displacement data, values that have different superscript letters are significantly different (p < 0.05)
  2. *MTS = materials testing system
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