Skip to main content

Table 2 List of traditional medicinal plants used to treat different livestock ailments among the agro-pastoralist communities of Fafan Zone

From: Botanical ethnoveterinary therapies used by agro-pastoralists of Fafan zone, Eastern Ethiopia

Scientific name Family Vernacular name Part (s) used Indication Method of preparation and application Livestock species treated Voucher number
Abutilon anglosomaliae Cufod. Malvaceae Balanbaal Leaf Non-specific external wound Grounded leaves are applied to wound and washed later All Livestock TF-05
Abutilon bidentatum Hochst. ex A.Rich. Malvaceae Maran Root Hyena/Jackal bite wound Crushed root is applied to affected area Cattle TF-25
Leaf Helminthiasis, Abdominal pain andSnake bite Decoction drenched orally Cattle, sheep and goat
Acacia mellifera (Vahl) Benth. Mimosaceae Bilcin Bark and Root Retained placenta Crushed root and bark concocted with Acacia oerfota root is administered vaginally to clean uterus Camel TF-06
Bark Infertility Bark placed in vagina to kill semen from previous unsuccessful mating Cattle
Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf. Mimosaceae Gumar Bark Infertility Bark placed in vagina to kill semen from previous unsuccessful mating Cattle TF-34
Sudden sickness Bark crushed, mixed with water and drenched orally Camel
Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Galasso&Banfi Mimosaceae Madheedh Gum Non-specific external wound Gum is applied to wound topically All Livestock TF-39
Adenium aculeatum (Forsk.) Apocynaceae Dhalaandhux Stem/Root Ringworm Crushed root or stem dispersed in water is applied to lesions Cattle TF-20
Stem/Root Coughing/Pasteurellosis Decocted and drenched orally Goat and Sheep
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. Apocynaceae Aboobo wan Aad, Aboobo-gunweyn Stem Mange infestation Inside of the stem which has been fermented for two days is applied to mange lesions Camel TF-37
Boscia minimifolia Chiov. Capparaceae Meygaag Bark and Leaf Bloat Crushed bark and leaf mixed with water is drenched orally Cattle TF-31
Carullum speciosa N.E.Br . Asclepiadaceae Udaabeys Leaf/Stem Ringworm Leaves/stem juice is applied to lesions Cattle TF-17
Leaf Eye injury or infection Powdered leaves mixed with oil is applied locally as ointment Cattle, sheep and goat
Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ex Endl. Celastraceae Jaad, qat Leaf Helminthiaisis/Diarrhoea Crushed leaves mixed with water is used as oral drench or mixed with feed and fed Sheep and goat TF-28
Celosia polystachina Amaranthaceae laaleys Leaf Non-specific external wound Crushed leaves mixed with oil is applied to wound Cattle TF-22
Cissus quadrangularis L. Vitaceae Gaad Aerial part Tick infestation and external wound Crushed aerial part mixed with water is applied topically Cattle and Camel TF-02
Leaf Mastitis, Helminthiaisis and Leach infestation Crushed leaf mixed with water is drenched orally Cattle and camel
Aerial part Black leg Decoction drenched orally Cattle
Cistanche phelypae L. Cout. Orobanchaceae Qoodho-dameer Leaf and root Trypanosomiasis Chopped, mixed with water and drenched orally Camel TF-08
Commiphora erlangeriana Engl. Bursuraceace Dhunkaal Bark Tick infestation Bark crushed, mixed with water, left overnight and used as wash Cattle, camel, sheep and goat TF-03
Commiphora erythrea (Ehrenb.) Engl. Burseraceae Xagar Leaf/Gum Mange infestation and ring worm Cooked gum with animal’s urine is applied to the lesion; Leaf and gum burnt and applied to lesion Camel TF-14
Commiphora ogadensis Chiov. Burseraceae Xagar-madow Gum Ringworm Gum mixed with water is applied to the lesions Cattle (Calf) and camel TF-11
Commiphora serrulata Engl. Burseraceae Mukh Leaf Orf Leaf concocted with C.drangularis and mixed with animal urine is cooked and applied to the lesions Sheep and goat TF-38
Crabbea velutina S. Moore Acanthaceae Gheg-maanyo Leaf Hyena/Jackal wounds Grounded leaves applied to wound and washed after three days Donkey TF-23
Crotalaria albicaulis Franch. Fabaceae Gabal-daye Leaf Trypanosomiasis Leaf extracted withwater and concocted with leaf ofC.phelypaef is drenched orally Camel TF-12
Cucumella kelleri (Cogn.) C.Jeffrey Cucurbitaceae Afgub, uneexo Root Infertility Root is inserted into vagina with Acacia oerfota to attract bull Camel TF-40
Cucumis prophetarum L. Cucurbitaceae Qalfoon-idaad Root Infertility Root inserted into vagina with A.oerfota to attract bull Cattle and Camel TF-26
Fruit Swellings Fruit is made warm and bandaged to affected area All livestock
Retained placenta Crushed and used to wash uterus Cattle, sheep and goat
Cucumis pustulatus Hook. f. Cucurbitaceae Qalfoon Fruit/Seed Non-specific external wound Fruit pulp and seed applied to wound All Livestock TF-41
Cyphostemma cyphopetalum (Fresen.) Desc. ex Wild & R.B.Drumm. Vitaceae Carmo, carmo-waraaboz Root Non-specific external wound Crushed root is applied topically as paste Cattle, camel, sheep and goat TF-49
Cyphostemma serpens (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Desc. Vitaceae Carom Root Non-specific external wound Powder of dried and crushed root is applied All Livestock TF-10
Dichrostachys cinerea Wight et Arn. Mimosaceae Warsamays Stem Hyena/Jackal bite wounds Burned stem is applied to wound All Livestock TF-46
Echidnopsis dammaniana Sprenger Asclepiadaceae Riyo-dararis Stem Lice infestation and Snake bite Crushed stem mixed with water is used as wash; Crushed and applied to affected area Cattle (Calf) TF-45
Entada leptostachya Harms Mimosaceae Gacma-dheere Root Coughing Grounded root mixed with water is given intranasal; or mixed with feed and fed Goat TF-09
Euphorbia hirta L. Euphorbiaceae Caraba-nadh Latex Non-specific external wound Latex/juice is applied to wound All Livestock TF-44
Euphorbia longispina Chiov. Euphorbiaceae Qabo Latex Non-specific external wound Latex is applied to wound All Livestock TF-43
Euphorbia schizacantha Pax Euphorbiaceae Qabo-yare Whole plant Non-specific external wound Whole plant crushed, dried and used as powder.
Juice also applied to the affected area
Cattle and camel TF-42
Indigofera amorphoides Jaub. & Spach Fabaceae Meydhax-dheere Root Tick and Lice infestation Crushed (broken) root is applied to ticks/lice Cattle, sheep and goat TF-18
Whole plant Helminthiasis Decoction drenched orally Sheep and goat
Ipomoea cicatricosae L. Convolvulaceae Weylo-wad Root Joint diseases Crushed root is applied topically Cattle TF-48
Jatropha spicata Pax Euphorbiaceae Mawe Root Non-specific external wound Crushed root is applied topically to wound All livestock TF-15
Seed Indigestion (impaction) Seed decocted and drenched orally Cattle, sheep and goat
Justica generifolia Acanthaceae Buuxiso Leaf Non-specific external wound Crushed leaves is applied to wound Cattle TF-32
Kleinia abyssinica (A.Rich.) A.Berger, Asteraceae Godor-cad Rhizome Sexual impotency Fresh rhizome is given to bulls to enhance libido Cattle TF-35
Lycium shawii Roem. & Schult. Convolvulaceae Surad Root Non-specific external wound /thorns Crushed root applied near to site of embedded thorns Camel TF-29
Moringa borziana Mattei Moringaceae Mawe Root Coughing Crushed root mixed with boiled water is drenched orally Sheep and goat TF-21
Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov. Asclepiadaceae Gees-riyaad Leaf Non-specific external wound Leaf juice is applied to affected area Cattle TF-16
Psilotrichum gnaphalobryum (Hochst) Schintz Amaranthaceae Booga-dhaye Leaf Non-specific external wound Crushed leaves concocted with Ipomoea cicatricosae is applied to wound Donkey TF-47
Pupalia lappcea L. Juss. Amaranthaceae Maro-boob, dhegmaanyo Leaf, fruit or root Retained placenta, painful joints and wound Juice or paste is applied to lesion or affected area Cattle, sheep and goat TF-04
Salvadora persica L. Salvadoraceae Caday Root Non-specific external wound Crushed root is applied topically Cattle TF-27
Sarcostemma andongense
Hiern
Asclepiadaceae Xangey-dhurwaa Leaf Snake bite Leaf juice is applied orally All livestock TF-30
Schinus molle L. Anacardiace Mirmiri Leaf Tick infestation Crushed leaves rubbed on to ticks Cattle and sheep TF-01
Leaf Eye injury/infection Leaf Juice is applied topically Cattle and sheep
Bark Helminthiasis Water extract of the bark is applied orally Sheep and goat
Seddera pedunculataae (Balf.f.) Verdc Convulvolaceae Nagadh Whole plant Dermatophilosis (skin infection) Crushed whole plant is applied topically Cattle and camel TF-33
Solanium dubium fresen Solanaceae Urudhi, Xunboox Fruit Non-specific external wound Fruit juice is applied topically Camel TF-36
Solanum incanum L. Solanaceae Waniiye, xunboox, kiriiri Fruit/Leaf Tick infestation Fruit/leaf sap concocted with leaf of Schinusmolle is applied on tick infested area Cattle and camel TF-07
Seed infertility Seed inserted into vagina to attract bull Cattle
Leaf Ring worm and swollen joints Crushed parts extracted in water is applied locally Cattle and camel
Fruit Coughing/pneumonia/mastitis Fruit sap is applied orally/nasally or locally Goat
Solanum jubae Bitter Solanaceae Kiriiri, xunboox Seeds, fruit, and root Joint disease and Snake bite Powder of dried and crushed parts is applied topically to the affected area Cattle TF-24
Withnia somnifera (L.) Dunal Solanaceae Guryo-fan Leaf Urinary abnormalities Leaf concocted with Cissusquadrangularis and drenched orally Cattle and camel TF-13
Zanthoxylum chalybeum Engl. Rutaceae Geed-dixri Fruit Helminthiaisis Powder of Crushed fruit mixed with water is applied orally as drench Sheep TF-19