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Table 5 Effects of ingested E+ or E- Achnatherum inebrians on urine parameters of han sheepa,b,c

From: Effects of feeding drunken horse grass infected with Epichloë gansuensis endophyte on animal performance, clinical symptoms and physiological parameters in sheep

Analysis Percent of observed values(%) χ2 P value
E+ E- Control
pH < 7.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 16.261 < 0.05
7.0 to 8.0 14.3 14.3 83.3
> 8.0 35.7 85.7 16.7
Occult blood ++ 7.7 0.0 0.0 11.505 < 0.05
+ 76.9 28.6 30.8
15.4 71.4 69.2
Leukocytes + 7.1 0.0 0.0 1.977 >0.05
92.9 100.0 100.0
Urine protein ++ 30.8 21.4 7.7 3.715 > 0.05
+ 30.8 57.1 53.8
38.5 21.4 38.5
Ketone + 33.3 14.2 15.4 8.983 < 0.05
66.7 85.7 84.6
  1. aSamples were collected at 7:00 am on last three days of 5th week
  2. bE+ = drunken horse grass, Epichloë endophyte-infected; E- = drunken horse grass, endophyte-free
  3. c+ Means positve, ++ seriously positive, − negative