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Table 2 Blood values of foals on or shortly after presentation in hospital and GSH-Px and Vit E values of their respective dams

From: White muscle disease in foals: focus on selenium soil content. A case series

  Case 1
2007
Case 2
2009
Case 3
2010
Case 4
2010
Case 5
2011
Case 6 2012 Case 7
2011
Case 8
2011
Reference values
Hematocrit (%) 43 52 42 27 35 .38 40 25 32–52
WBC (g/L) 11.7 18 7.3 11.1 0.4 4.4 6.8 10.6 5.5–12.5
Electrolytes * * K > 9 * * °
Blood gasses * * pH 7.2 * * °°
Urea (mmol/L) 12.7 12.1 6.2 11.5 4.4 2.9 3.5 0–9
Creatinine (μmol/L) * 518 250 44 95 93 79 116–180
GOT (IU/L) * * 82 6000 5960 4340 17,500 9120 22–488
CPK (IU/L) * * 710 33,300 172,800 39,700 137,300 95,400 0–269
LDH (IU/L) * * 1128 1678 51,000 14,100 83,000 52,600 162–412
IgG (g/L) * * * <4 * * * 4–8 >8
GSH-Px
(U/g Hb)
* * 43 22 * * 12 11 >120 ‡
Vit E (μmol/L) * * 8.7 2.0 * 6.4 6,2 6.1 §
MARES GSH-Px (U/g Hb) * * 59 9 * * <10 16 >120 ‡
Vit E (μmol/L) * * 6.3 3.8 * 4.0 6,4 8.8 §
  1. * not tested
  2. † all within reference values
  3. ° References (mEq/L): Na (132–146), K (2.4–4.7), Cl (99–109), Ca (1.4–1.7) [56] °° References: bicarbonate (20–28 mmol/L), pH (7.32–7.44) [56]
  4. ‡ reference values for the laboratory used in case 4: 120–300, reference values the laboratory used in case 5, 6 and 8: 120–500
  5. § reference values for the laboratory used in case 4: >7,4, reference values the laboratory used in case 5,6,7 and 8: > 4,0