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Table 4 Poultry birds management practices in relation to biosecurity practices

From: Biosecurity survey in relation to the risk of HPAI outbreaks in backyard poultry holdings in Thimphu city area, Bhutan

Variables/categories Number Percent
Type of poultry house/coops
 Basket (made from bamboo) 7 11.3
 Wire mesh box coop 8 12.9
 Wooden box coop 40 64.5
 Wire mesh/wooden box coop with wire mesh fencing 7 11.3
Location of poultry house
 Attached to family house 24 38.71
 Outside family house (separate house) 38 61.29
Schedule of poultry house cleaning
 Daily 3 4.92
 Weekly 52 83.87
 Monthly 7 11.48
Disposal method of poultry litter
 Use as fertilizer in the kitchen garden 54 87.1
 Dispose into open area 8 12.9
 Sale 0 0
Do the people have access to poultry house
 No 28 45.16
 Yes 34 54.84
Do the poultry birds come in contact with wild birds
 No 18 29.03
 Yes 44 70.97
Is there water bodies near poultry house/premises
 No 26 41.94
 Yes 36 58.06
Type of feed given to poultry birds
 Family food left over 9 14.52
 Local feed grains (maize, wheat) 7 11.29
 Family food left over & local feed grains 44 70.97
 Commercial feed 2 3.23
Have clean container for feeding & watering
 No 29 46.77
 Yes 33 53.23
Was there any poultry death during the past 2 weeks
 No 55 88.71
 Yes 7 11.29
Way of disposal of dead birds
 Disposal into open area/bush 25 40.32
 Burial 37 59.68
 Sale 0 0
 Consumption 0 0
Have poultry birds been vaccinated against poultry diseases
 No 61 98.39
 Yes 1 1.61