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Table 3 Odds ratios (OR) and relative risk (RR) (± standard error) for the neutered female and male being more likely to express the condition (NA is not applicable)

From: Gonadectomy effects on the risk of immune disorders in the dog: a retrospective study

Disease OR RR
Neutered female Neutered male Neutered female Neutered male
Atopic Dermatitis (ATOP) 2.24 ± 0.27* 1.51 ± 0.27* 2.21 ± 0.26* 1.50 ± 0.13*
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA) 1.67 ± 0.28* 1.76 ± 0.31* 1.67 ± 0.28* 1.76 ± 0.31*
Canine Myasthenia Gravis (CMG) 1.19 ± 0.37 1.97 ± 1.01 1.19 ± 0.37 1.97 ± 1.01
Colitis (COL) 1.03 ± 0.11 0.98 ± 0.09 1.03 ± 0.11 0.98 ± 0.08
Hypoadrenocorticism (ADD) 1.49 ± 0.32* 2.07 ± 0.54* 1.49 ± 0.32* 2.07 ± 0.53*
Hypothyroidism (HYPO) 3.03 ± 0.39* 1.29 ± 0.11* 2.99 ± 0.39* 1.28 ± 0.10*
Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis (IMPA) 1.49 ± 0.37 1.02 ± 0.14 1.49 ± 0.37 1.02 ± 0.14
Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia (ITP) 3.14 ± 0.73* 2.05 ± 0.42* 3.13 ± 0.73* 2.05 ± 0.42*
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) 2.20 ± 0.54* 1.43 ± 0.23* 2.19 ± 0.54* 1.43 ± 0.23*
Lupus Erythematosus (LUP) 2.64 ± 1.24* 0.68 ± 0.16 2.64 ± 1.24* 0.68 ± 0.16
Pemphigus Complex (PEMC) 1.35 ± 0.39 1.64 ± 0.56 1.35 ± 0.39 1.64 ± 0.56
Pyometra (PYO) 0.04 ± 0.01* NA 0.04 ± 0.01* NA
  1. Asterisks indicate a significant difference from the intact counterpart (p < 0.05)