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Table 2 Average maximum and minimum during swing and stance phase during walking and trotting activities

From: Normal patellofemoral kinematic patterns during daily activities in dogs

  Flexion angle Proximal translation Cranial translation
Trot
 Swing Maximum 51° 3.1 mm 31 mm
 Swing Minimum 13° −11.6 mm 17.6 mm
 Stance Maximum 17° 7.8 mm 32.4 mm
 Stance Minimum −0.2 mm 30.2 mm
Walk
 Swing Maximum 33° 6.1 mm 31.4 mm
 Swing Minimum 10° −6.8 mm 24.4 mm
 Stance Maximum 13° 6.8 mm 32.1 mm
 Stance Minimum 3.6 mm 31.5 mm