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Table 3 Percentage of resistance in Escherichia coli by antimicrobial and country in 2012–2013

From: European multicenter study on antimicrobial resistance in bacteria isolated from companion animal urinary tract infections

Countrya AMC 3GC FLU CN SXT Combined resistance
n % R (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
n % R (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
n % R (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
n % R (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
n % R (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
n % MDR (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
% FullS (95 % CI)b
[Stat. Dif.]c
AT 142 14.08 (8.36–19.81)
[a,b]
142 5.63 (1.84–9.43)
[a, b]
142 11.97 (6.63–17.31)
[a]
142 5.63 (1.84–9.43)
[a, b]
142 14.08 (8.36–19.81)
[a, b]
142 8.45 (3.88–13.03)
[a]
78.87 (72.16–85.59)
[a]
BE 840 4.29 (2.92–5.66)
[c]
0 -
-
769 6.63 (4.87–8.39)
[b]
840 1.67 (0.80–2.53)
[c]
839 10.37 (8.31–12.43)
[a]
769d 1.43d (0.59–2.27)
-
85.05d (82.52–87.57)
-
DK 206 2.88 (0.61–5.16)
[c]
208 4.33 (1.41–7.09)
[a, c]
208 2.88 (0.61–5.16)
[c]
208 1.92 (0.06–3.79)
[a, c]
208 8.17 (4.45–11.90)
[a, c]
208 2.88 (0.61–5.16)
[b]
88.94 (84.68–93.20)
[b, c]
FR 954 12.79 (10.67–15.91)
[a, d]
933 10.83 (8.83–12.82)
[b]
948 12.76 (10.64–14.89)
[a]
951 3.36 (2.22–4.51)
[a, d]
959 16.27 (13.93–18.60)
[b, d]
909 11.00 (8.97–13.04)
[a, c]
77.23 (74.50–79.95)
[a]
DE 153 11.76 (6.66–16.87)
[a, d]
152 11.84 (6.71–16.98)
[b, d]
153 16.34 (10.48–22.20)
[a, d]
153 1.96 (0.00–4.16)
[a, c, d]
153 17.65 (11.61–23.69)
[b, d, e]
152 8.55 (4.11–13.00)
[a]
67.76 (60.33–75.19)
[d]
EL 31 25.81 (10.40–41.21)
[b, d, e, f]
9 7R/2S
-
30 30.00 (13.60–46.40)
[d, e]
0 -
-
26 34.62 (16.33–52.90)
[e, f]
0 -
-
-
-
IT 69 26.09 (15.73–36.45)
[e, f]
69 24.64 (14.47–34.80)
[e]
69 31.88 (20.89–42.88)
[e]
69 14.49 (6.19–22.80)
[e]
69 28.99 (18.28–39.69)
[e, f]
69 28.99 (18.28–39.69)
[d]
63.77 (52.43–75.11)
[d, e, f]
NL 1461 10.81 (9.22–12.41)
[a]
1380 3.77 (2.76–4.77)
[a, c]
1457 4.94 (3.83–6.05)
[b, c]
81 3.70 (0.00–7.82)
[a, c, f]
1459 10.21 (8.66–11.77)
[a]
1380d 2.25d (1.46–3.03)
-
81.30d (79.25-83.36)
-
PT 27 48.15 (29.30-66.99)
[e]
32 31.25 (15.19-47.31)
[e]
31 29.03 (13.05-45.01)
[d, e]
30 10.00 (0.00-20.74)
[b, d, e, f]
31 32.26 (15.80-48.71)
[e, f]
25 24.00 (7.26-40.74)
[c, d, e]
32.00 (13.71–50.29)
[g, h]
RS 3 2R/1S - 2 1R/1S
-
3 0R/3S
-
3 0R/3S
-
3 1R/2S
-
2 1MDR
-
1Full-S
-
ES 60 31.67 (19.90–43.44)
[e, f]
52 21.15 (10.05–32.25)
[d, e]
61 29.51 (18.06–40.95)
[e]
46 15.22 (4.84–25.60)
[b, e]
60 26.67 (15.48–37.86)
[e, f]
37 29.73 (15.00–44.46)
[d, e]
43.24 (27.28–59.21)
[e, g]
SE 2091 6.98 (5.89–8.07)
[g]
2082 0
[f]
2091 1.05 (0.61–1.49)
[f]
2091 0.19 (0.00–0.38)
[g]
2091 4.97 (4.04–5.91)
[c]
2082 0.24 (0.03–0.45)
[f]
90.2 (88.92–91.48)
[b, h]
CH 133 10.53 (5.31–15.74)
[a, g]
133 8.27 (3.59–12.95)
[b, c]
132 13.64 (7.78–19.49)
[a, d]
132 6.82 (2.52–11.12)
[b, d, e, f]
131 13.74 (7.85–19.64)
[a, d, g]
130 10.00 (4.84–15.16)
[a, e]
83.08 (76.63–89.52)
[a, c]
UK 143 21.68 (14.92–28.43)
[b, f]
143 20.98 (14.31–27.65)
[d, e]
143 11.89 (6.58–17.19)
[a]
92 6.52 (1.48–11.57)
[a, e, f]
142 21.13 (14.41–27.84)
[b, f, g]
89 15.56 (8.07–23.04)
[a, e]
67.78 (58.12–77.43)
[a, d, f]
  1. AMC amoxicillin clavulanate, 3GC third generation cephalosporins, FLU fluoroquinolones, CN gentamicin, SXT trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, MDR multidrug-resistant, Full-S fully-susceptible
  2. aCountries: AT, Austria; BE, Belgium; DK, Denmark; FR, France; DE, Germany; EL, Greece; IT, Italy; NL, the Netherlands; PT, Portugal; RS, Serbia; ES, Spain; SE, Sweden; CH, Switzerland; UK, United Kingdom.
  3. b95 % CI, 95 % Confidence interval
  4. cStat. Dif., Statistical significant differences. Countries with no statistical difference are marked with the same letter. Countries were compared by Fisher exact test with an alpha value of 0.05. Countries with less than ten tested isolates were not compared. Regarding MDR and FullS, only countries tested for all the considered antimicrobials were compared
  5. n, Total number of Escherichia coli tested for the considered antimicrobial category
  6. dMDR and FullS percentages do not include resistance to 3GC for Belgium and resistance to CN for the Netherlands