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Table 3 95% confidence interval of vitamin blood concentrations of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

From: Vitamin blood concentration and vitamin supplementation in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in European facilities

Status Number Retinol [mg/l] Thiamine pyrophosphate [mg/l] Cobalamin [pg/ml] Calcidiol [ng/ml] Tocopherol [mg/l]
In human care 57 0.048–0.059 0.42–0.55 175.55–275.22 143.9–174.7 17.95–20.76
Reference free-ranginga 55 0.036–0.046     12.56–12.66
Reference free-rangingb 2     293.1  
Reference in human carec 3     197.1–222.3  
  1. N Number of individual bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) tested
  2. aValues from Crissey, Wells 1999, bValues from Keiver, Ronald, 1988, cValues from Slifka, Crissey, Nutrition Advisory group 2001