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Table 3 Comparison of blood parameters between dogs co-infected with B. canis and D. repens and infected only with B. canis in different severity classes

From: The prevalence of Dirofilaria repens in cats, healthy dogs and dogs with concurrent babesiosis in an expansion zone in central Europe

General symptom level Parameter Mean (± SEM) in dogs infected with B.canis + D.repens Mean (± SEM) in dogs infected only with B. canis F and P
I. Anemia
 Level 0: Erythrocytes (T/l) 6.07 ± 0.181 6.00 ± 0.610 F 2, 40 = 0.708; P = 0.408
Leucocytes (G/l) 5.12 ± 0.756 4.20 ± 2.661 F 2, 40 = 2.734; P = 0.082
Thrombocytes (G/l) 52.56 ± 6.871 23.00 ± 24.188 F 2, 40 = 6.866; P = 0.004
Hematocrit (l/l) 0.377 ± 0.014 0.450 ± 0.046 F 2, 40 = 0.044; P = 0.835
 Level 1: Erythrocytes (T/l) 4.80 ± 0.294 5.08 ± 0.431  
Leucocytes (G/l) 4.39 ± 0.810 5.15 ± 1.881  
Thrombocytes(G/l) 38.06 ± 7.360 92.50 ± 17.103  
Hematocrit(l/l) 0.311 ± 0.022 0.365 ± 0.033  
 Level 2: Erythrocytes (T/l) 3.64 ± 0.249 3.95 ± 0.431  
Leucocytes (G/l) 7.83 ± 1.402 11.50 ± 1.881  
Thrombocytes (G/l) 39.89 ± 12.748 125.50 ± 17.103  
Hematocrit (l/l) 0.247 ± 0.019 0.265 ± 0.033  
II. Hepatic dysfunction
 Level 0: AST (U/l) 34.60 ± 24.153 nd F 1, 36 = 0.709; P = 0.407
ALT (U/l) 40.40 ± 51.35 nd F 1, 36 = 0.044; P = 0.835
ALP (U/l) 102.00 ± 48.093 nd F 1, 36 = 0.360; P = 0.554
 Level 1: AST (U/l) 93.78 ± 15.868 81.00 ± 38.189  
ALT (U/l) 60.33 ± 33.736 82.00 ± 81.192  
ALP (U/l) 151.28 ± 31.726 119.50 ± 76.041  
 Level 2: AST (U/l) 307.67 ± 23.815 361.67 ± 31.181  
ALT (U/l) 378.08 ± 50.632 466.00 ± 66.293  
ALP (U/l) 259.00 ± 47.420 641.67 ± 62.087  
III. Renal dysfunction
 Level 0: Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.87 ± 0.117 0.70 ± 0.334 F 2, 36 = 11.68; P = 0.000
Serum urea (mg/dl) 28.94 ± 8.127 29.75 ± 23.131 F 2, 36 = 16.16; P = 0.000
 Level 1: Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.03 ± 0.236 0.90 ± 0.545  
Serum urea (mg/dl) 52.88 ± 16.356 62.00 ± 37.773  
 Level 2: Creatinine (mg/dl) 2.55 ± 0.272 5.90 ± 0.545  
Serum urea (mg/dl) 248.50 ± 18.886 527.00 ± 37.773  
  1. P values derived from ANOVAs
  2. D. repens presence x anemia level on erythrocytes count; D. repens presence x anemia level on leucocytes count; D. repens presence x anemia level on thrombocytes count
  3. D. repens presence x hepatic dysfunction level on AST activity; D. repens presence x hepatic dysfunction level on ALT activity; D. repens presence x hepatic dysfunction level on ALP activity; D. repens presence x renal dysfunction level on serum creatinine; D. repens presence x renal dysfunction level on serum urea
  4. Nd- not done, the lack of cases in this group