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Table 1 Comparison of blood parameters between dogs co-infected with B. canis and D. repens and infected only with B. canis

From: The prevalence of Dirofilaria repens in cats, healthy dogs and dogs with concurrent babesiosis in an expansion zone in central Europe

Parameter Mean parameter value ± SEM Reference values P
Overall Dogs with co-infection Dogs with B.canis
Counts (n = 41):   n = 36 n = 5   
 Leukocytes (G/l) 5.850 ± 0.551 5.039 ± 0.320 7.50 ± 2.914 6.0–12.0 0.007
 Erythrocytes (T/l) 4.885 ± 0.115 4.976 ± 0.191 4.18 ± 0.401 5.5–8.0 0.758NS
 Hemoglobin (mmol/l) 7.238 ± 0.180 7.161 ± 0.254 7.404 ± 0.868 7.45–11.17 0.747 NS
 Hematocrit (l/l) 0.332 ± 0.008 0.326 ± 0.012 0.342 ± 0.038 0.37–0.55 0.660 NS
 MCV (fl) 67.26 ± 0.944 66.11 ± 0.778 70.44 ± 2.737 60–77 0.068 NS
 MCHC (mmol/l) 21.86 ± 0.147 21.97 ± 0.109 21.58 ± 0.426 19.8–22.3 0.246 NS
 Thrombocytes (G/l) 57.09 ± 5.007 45.40 ± 3.335 91.80 ± 26.79 200–580 0.001
Biochemical parameters (n = 37):   n = 32 n = 5   
 AST (U/l) 120.66 ± 31.58 113.28 ± 18.83 249.40 ± 159.07 1–45 0.079 NS
 ALT (U/l) 139.93 ± 39.63 126.25 ± 33.84 312.40 ± 156.41 3–60 0.081 NS
 ALP (U/l) 203.98 ± 39.56 165.48 ± 20.71 432.80 ± 206.45 20–155 0.007
 Serum glucose (mg/dl) 105.43 ± 7.066 100.33 ± 4.965 125.00 ± 30.33 70–120 0.151 NS
 Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.541 ± 0.121 1.125 ± 0.134 1.780 ± 1.031 0.8–1.7 0.206 NS
 Serum urea (mg/dl) 108.96 ± 8.376 61.50 ± 14.26 135.20 ± 98.20 20–45 0.158 NS
 Total serum protein (g/l) 60.01 ± 1.177 59.59 ± 1.112 59.20 ± 2.437 55–75 0.896 NS
  1. SEM standard error of the mean, P probability values from Student’s t-tests, MCV mean corpuscular volume, MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, ALP alkaline phosphatase