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Table 3 Total Mean (SEM) Surgical Site Manipulation Scores by Treatment Group & Time Point

From: Pilot, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical field study to evaluate the effectiveness of bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension for the provision of post-surgical analgesia in dogs undergoing stifle surgery

Time point (hours) AT-003 Saline Placebo
Number of dogs evaluated Mean surgical site manipulation (SEM) Number of dogs evaluated Mean surgical site manipulation (SEM)
0 24 0.42 (0.10) 22 0.68 (0.21)
2 24 1.13 (0.31) 22 2.32 (0.30)
4 22 0.95 (0.27) 16 2.56 (0.32)
8 21 1.33 (0.30) 9 2.11 (0.45)
12 19 1.47 (0.30) 5 1.40 (0.51)
24 14 1.43 (0.39) 4 1.50 (0.50)
30 11 0.82 (0.33) 3 1.67 (0.67)
36 10 0.70 (0.30) 3 1.00 (1.00)
48 10 0.90 (0.35) 3 1.00 (1.00)
54 9 0.67 (0.37) 2 0.00 (0.00)
60 9 0.33 (0.24) 1 0.00 (NA)
72 9 0.67 (0.29) 2 0.00 (0.00)
  1. SEM standard error of the mean, NA not applicable