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Table 2 Organ systems and disease processes associated with the cause of death in Bernese mountain dogs

From: Life expectancy and causes of death in Bernese mountain dogs in Switzerland

Organ system Disease process Total
Degenerative Immune-mediated Inflammatory/ infectious Metabolic/ toxic Neoplastic Symptomatic Mechanical Traumatic Unknown
Haemolymphatic 0 4 0 1 41 5 0 0 0 51 (13.4 %)
Nervous 0 0 0 0 5 17 0 0 0 22 (5.8 %)
Cardiovascular 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 (0.8 %)
Endocrine 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 (0.5 %)
Gastrointestinal 0 1 1 0 14 0 7 0 0 23 (6.0 %)
Musculoskeletal 16 0 0 0 21 0 0 0 0 37 (9.7 %)
Multiorgan 0 0 0 0 60 1 0 1 0 62 (16.3 %)
Other 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 (0.3 %)
Respiratory 0 0 1 0 42 0 0 0 0 43 (11.3 %)
Urogenital 0 0 0 0 2 12 0 0 0 14 (3.7 %)
Unknown 0 0 0 0 34 0 0 0 89 123 (32.3 %)
Total 16 (4.2 %) 5 (1.3 %) 2 (0.5 %) 2 (0.5 %) 222 (58.3 %) 37 (9.7 %) 7 (1.8 %) 1 (0.3 %) 89 (23.4 %) 381