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Table 5 Area under the curves (AUC) for hours three to six postprandially (nmol/mL per 195 min)

From: Fermentable soluble fibres spare amino acids in healthy dogs fed a low-protein diet

   SF Diet IF Diet P-value
Symbol Trivial name Mean SD Mean SD Group Diet
Plasma acylcarnitine profile (AUC)
C0 Free carnitine 6573.5 944.6 6799.1 859.3 NS NS
C2 Acetyl carnitine 494.4 256.1 294.0 50.3 NS 0.04
C3 Propionyl carnitine 48.6 16.8 33.8 6.9 NS 0.04
C4 Butyryl + Isobutyryl carnitine 78.4 42.5 35.0 5.0 0.03 <0.01
C5 Isovaleryl carnitine, 3- 43.3 11.2 36.9 7.8 NS 0.06
  or 2-Methylbutyryl carnitine
3OH-C4 3- or b-hydroxy butyryl carnitine 8.3 2.3 5.0 0.7 NS <0.01
3OH-C5 3-Hydroxy-isovaleryl carnitine 42.4 18.4 22.3 3.1 0.04 <0.01
C3DC Malonyl-L-Carnitine 5.0 3.2 2.4 0.4 <0.01 0.01
C4DC Methylmalonyl or Succinyl carnitine 9.9 2.0 7.8 2.5 NS 0.08
Plasma amino acid profile (AUC)
Gly Glycine 37525.4 9943.3 38286.3 6521.0 NS NS
Ala Alanine 128622.7 46942.2 118073.8 31283.0 NS NS
Val Valine 37175.3 3055.4 36034.5 8578.4 NS NS
Leu Leucine + Isoleucine 34186.8 4728.2 29691.2 7663.0 0.07 0.01
Orn Ornithine 3233.7 777.1 3045.4 1156.7 NS NS
Met Methionine 16235.4 1377.0 15971.2 3528.9 0.02 NS
Phe Phenylalanine 10421.0 1665.6 8482.4 2782.3 0.08 0.09
Cit Citrulline 11044.7 4896.4 16039.0 6558.6 NS NS
Tyr Tyrosine 8278.0 688.0 7170.5 1659.4 0.02 0.06
Cit/Orn Citrulline/ornithine ratio 3.3 0.9 5.3 1.1 0.08 <0.01