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Table 1 Results of data analysis for herds with import of cattle (ImpoCattle) and without (NoImpoCattle)

From: Evaluation of temporal surveillance system sensitivity and freedom from bovine viral diarrhea in Danish dairy herds using scenario tree modelling

Herd Category N Imported cattle Imported doses of semen Imported embryos Truck visits Hoof trimmer visitsc PrP EPIj d
ImpoCattle 8 246 (10.6 %) 3776 (92.9 %) 5 (100 %) 5606 * 0.8 %b = 45 A*B* 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.025 %
NoImpoCattle 4101 0 301020 (46.9 %) 272 (99.3 %) 5606 * 99.2 %b = 5561 A*B* 99.8 % 99.8 % 0.024 %
Total 4109 246a 304796a 277 a 5606a   100 %  
  1. N number of dairy herds delivering milk and tested in the fourth trimester of 2010 within each category, PrP proportion of herds within each category, EPIj effective probability of infection for each category “j”. Between brackets is the percentage of cattle, doses of semen and embryos imported from countries where BVD is endemic. We assumed that trucks and hoof trimmers went only to countries with endemic BVD status [12]
  2. a, From Foddai et al. [12]
  3. b, According to Foddai et al. [12], in total 5606 truck visits at risk occur in Danish dairy herds during a one-year period. The estimated percentage of exports from the ImpoCattle and the NoImpoCattle category was 0.8 % and 99.2 %, respectively (Danish data 2010). We assumed that the number of trucks visits at risk in each category was proportional to the exports occurred from the category
  4. c The number of hoof trimmers visiting cattle herds abroad (A) during a one-year period was a Pert distribution (5, 7, 18), while the number of times each hoof trimmer crosses the border (B) was Pert (1, 8, 30) (see Table 8 in [12]). The annual number of hoof trimmer visits, which could lead to BVDV introduction into each category, was assumed proportional to the herds present in the category and was estimated by: A * B * PrPImpoCattle and A * B * PrPNoImpoCattle
  5. dThe EPIj reported in the table was calculated using PH 0.02 %. When we used PH 0.2 % the EPIj was 0.20 for the ImpoCattle category and 0.19 % for the NoImpoCattle