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Table 1 Maximal TNF-α concentration after stimulation with LPS or PCPwL

From: Release kinetics of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist in the equine whole blood

BC (%) LPS PCPwL
8 h 24 h 72 h
10 % 296 ± 153 103 ± 103 345 ± 106
20 % 538 ± 219 304 ± 164 517 ± 163
50 % 1104 ± 279 865 ± 187 661 ± 316
  1. Supernatant TNF-α level (pg/ml) was compared between different whole blood volumes after stimulation with LPS or PCPwL. Maximal concentrations were obtained after the start of stimulation at various time points until 72 h. Data represent means ± SEM of three different horses. BC, blood concentration