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Table 4 Type and prevalence of foot disorders in lame and non-lame Mediterranean buffaloes associated with different body condition scores and cleanliness scores

From: Assessment of foot health and animal welfare: clinical findings in 229 dairy Mediterranean Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) affected by foot disorders

Groups BCS FD Prevalence LS
Non-lame
(23)
2.50 OG + CC 8.7 % (2) 2
2.75 OG + CC 65.2 % (15)
3.00 OG + CC 26.1 % (6)
Lame
(206)
2.25 OG + IP 0.5 % (1) 4
OG + WLA 2.4 % (5)
OG + WLA 1.9 % (4) 5
2.50 OG + CC 10.2 % (21) 3
IP 3.9 % (8) 4
OG + IP 1.0 % (2)
OG + WLA 1.0 % (2) 5
2.75 OG + CC 75.7 % (156) 3
OG + IP 0.5 % (1) 4
DD + IH 0.5 % (1) 5
3.00 OG + CC 2.4 % (5) 3
Group CS FD Prevalence LS
Non-lame
(23)
1 OG + CC 30.4 % (7) 2
2 OG + CC 4.3 % (1)
3 OG + CC 8.7 % (2)
4 OG + CC 56.5 % (13)
Lame
(206)
1 OG + CC 34.0 % (70) 3
2 OG + CC 6.3 % (13) 3
IP 0.4 % (1) 4
3 OG + CC 8.2 % (17) 3
OG + IP 0.5 % (1) 4
OG + WLA 0.5 % (1)
OG + WLA 0.5 % (1) 5
4 OG + CC 40.0 % (82) 3
OG + IP 1.5 % (3) 4
IP 3.4 % (7)
OG + WLA 1.9 % (4)
OG + WLA 2.4 % (5) 5
DD + IH 0.5 % (1)
  1. (x) = number of buffaloes, LS locomotion score, FD foot disorder, BCS body condition score, CS cleanliness score, OG overgrow, CC corkscrew, IP interdigital phlegmon, WLA white line abscess, DD digital dermatitis, IH interdigital hyperplasia