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Table 2 Type, prevalence and localization of foot disorders recorded in Mediterranean buffaloes (n = 229)

From: Assessment of foot health and animal welfare: clinical findings in 229 dairy Mediterranean Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) affected by foot disorders

FDs Prevalence Limb Prevalence Claw Prevalence
OG 96.1 % (220) FL + HL 100 % (220/220) / /
CC 89.5 % (205) FL 27.8 % (57/205) MC 100 % (57/57)
LC /
HL 72.2 % (148/205) MC 93.9 % (139/148)
LC 6.1 % (9/148)
IP 5.2 % (12) FL 8.3 % (1/12) / /
HL 91.7 % (11/12) / /
WLA 4.8 % (11) FL 27.3 % (3/11) MC 100 % (3/3)
HL 72,7 % (8/11) LC 100 % (8/8)
DD 0.4 % (1) HL 100 % (1/1) / /
IH 0.4 % (1) HL 100 % (1/1) / /
  1. (x) = number of buffaloes; FD foot disorder, OG overgrow, CC corkscrew, IP interdigital phlegmon, WLA white line abscess, DD digital dermatitis, IH interdigital hyperplasia, FL front limb, HL hind limb, MC medial claw, LC lateral claw