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Table 3 Results of the kinematic analysis

From: Kinetic, kinematic, magnetic resonance and owner evaluation of dogs before and after the amputation of a hind limb

   Pre (n = 11) 10 (n = 11) 30 (n = 10) 90 (n = 9) 120 (n = 8) p
Contralateral scapulohumeral joint Mean ± SD 115.2 ± 5.67 117.9 ± 5.83 115.4 ± 5.54 112.7 ± 6.09 112.3 ± 4.24 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 27.68 ± 7.48 31.46 ± 8.12 29.51 ± 6.73 31.49 ± 6.26 26.07 ± 6.04 0.478
Contralateral cubital joint Mean ± SD 114.9 ± 12.93 115.9 ± 12.82 126.5 ± 11.59 127.2 ± 13.67 123.6 ± 13.91 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 57.98 ± 15.56 61.8 ± 11.64 56.51 ± 14.74 60.75 ± 13.06 62.74 ± 9.60 0.898
Contralateral carpal joint Mean ± SD 192.2 ± 26.85 191.5 ± 24.89 190.1 ± 26.03 191.5 ± 25.66 185.8 ± 26.88 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 99.38 ± 19.62 97.45 ± 11.28 104.7 ± 10.83 94.25 ± 13.65 101.1 ± 8.17 0.666
Ipsilateral scapulohumeral joint Mean ± SD 117.5 ± 7.92 120.1 ± 8.33 111.9 ± 6.87 112.4 ± 6.94 112.1 ± 7.12 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 34.11 ± 5.69 32.2 ± 4.35 29.77 ± 4.80 32.17 ± 2.71 31.06 ± 5.03 0.654
Ipsilateral cubital joint Mean ± SD 114.6 ± 12.28 117.6 ± 13.33 116.7 ± 12.94 121.5 ± 13.63 123.8 ± 13.58 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 55 ± 11.81 57.96 ± 11.92 57.23 ± 12.69 59.84 ± 12.73 57.78 ± 11.82 0.916
Ipsilateral carpal joint Mean ± SD 185.5 ± 26.36 185.6 ± 24.54 190.6 ± 25.54 185.9 ± 23.23 185.5 ± 26.05 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 92.65 ± 19.14 91.83 ± 18.76 91.01 ± 15.71 82.42 ± 12.51 93.36 ± 10.05 0.630
Contralateral coxofemoral joint Mean ± SD 116.1 ± 8.37 118.4 ± 6.96 120.8 ± 7.516 116.8 ± 6.29 116.1 ± 6.64 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 30.25 ± 6.22 27.47 ± 9.90 30.08 ± 9.71 25.17 ± 9.09 24.89 ± 6.27 0.501
Contralateral femorotibial joint Mean ± SD 123.2 ± 7.48 115.8 ± 6.62 110.4 ± 5.76 114.7 ± 5.55 113.3 ± 5.68 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 42.4 ± 4.28 37.67 ± 8.44 37.82 ± 7.34 40.8 ± 12.16 34.83 ± 8.31 0.299
Contralateral tarsal joint Mean ± SD 130.5 ± 8.98 121 ± 10.93 117.8 ± 14.07 124.9 ± 12.21 127.2 ± 10.75 <0.001
  ROM ± SD 47.74 ± 10.2 50.57 ± 10.52 61.27 ± 14.25 57.73 ± 11.24 48.04 ± 14.17 0.143
  1. Mean: mean joint angle calculated from the mean joint angle progression curves; SD: Standard deviation; ROM = Range of Motion; p = p value of the Kruskal-Wallis test