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Table 1 Diagnostic test results for BVDV detection in red deer

From: Evidence of shared bovine viral diarrhea infections between red deer and extensively raised cattle in south-central Spain

Variable Category Total samples No. PCR-positive (%) No. ELISA-positive (%)
Species Red deer 267 60 (22.47) 52 (19.47)
Region MT 154 40 (25.97) 27 (17.53)
SM 113 20 (17.70) 25 (22.12)
Fenced estate Yes 135 37 (27.41) 28 (20.74)
No 132 23 (17.42) 24 (18.18)
Hunting season 2003–04 17 4 (23.53) 9 (52.94)
2004–05 20 2 (10.00) 8 (40.00)
2005–06 36 0 (0) 4 (11.11)
2006–07 29 6 (20.69) 6 (20.69)
2007–08 46 5 (10.87) 10 (21.74)
2008–09 30 2 (6.67) 3 (10.00)
2009–10 89 41 (46.07) 12 (13.48)
Age Fawn 6 1 (16.67) 1 (16.67)
Yearling 13 2 (15.38) 1 (7.69)
Sub-adult 26 5 (19.23) 9 (34.62)
Adult 222 52 (23.42) 41 (18.47)
Sex Male 133 37 (27.82) 28 (21.05)
Female 130 21 (16.15) 23 (17.69)
(ND) 4 2 (50.00) 1 (25.00)
PCR Negative 207 ---- 41 (19.81)
Positive 60 ---- 11 (18.33)
ELISA Negative 196 46 (23.47) ----
Doubtful 19 3 (15.79) ----
Positive 52 11 (21.15) ----