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Table 2 Descriptive statistic (35 plasma samples)

From: Assessment of the main plasma parameters included in a metabolic profile of dairy cow based on Fourier Transform mid-infrared spectroscopy: preliminary results

Item Mean SD Min Max Median SKa KUb
Glucose, mmol L−1 4.02 0.67 1.66 6.20 3.95 −0.13 5.64
Total cholesterol, mmol L−1 3.36 1.59 0.80 5.87 3.18 0.05 −1.57
NEFAc, mmol L−1 0.33 0.29 0.06 1.18 0.20 1.06 0.30
NEFAc, ln(mmol L−1) −1.52 0.94 −2.83 0.16 −1.61 0.17 −1.49
BHBAd, mmol L−1 0.49 0.13 0.28 0.85 0.47 1.00 0.78
BHBAd, ln(mmol L−1) −0.74 0.25 −1.28 −0.16 −0.76 0.34 0.06
Urea, mmol L−1 4.21 1.42 1.50 7.52 4.02 0.21 −0.61
Creatinine, μmol L−1 99.54 10.67 83.62 125.89 97.57 0.47 −0.51
Ca, mmol L−1 2.58 0.12 2.36 2.86 2.61 0.33 −0.16
Inorganig P, mmol L−1 1.81 0.35 1.19 2.89 1.74 1.09 1.36
Mg, mmol L−1 1.02 0.10 0.57 1.12 1.04 −2.97 9.99
Na, mmol L−1 144.20 3.44 138.78 151.78 143.81 0.38 −0.68
K, mmol L−1 4.07 0.20 3.59 4.57 4.08 −0.09 0.20
Cl, mmol L−1 107.51 2.48 102.27 112.98 107.46 −0.09 −0.19
Zn, μmol L−1 11.43 2.71 5.17 16.19 11.40 −0.48 −0.19
Ceruloplasmin, μmol L−1 3.24 1.02 1.99 6.63 3.03 1.48 2.41
Total protein, g L−1 76.07 6.27 63.57 86.89 77.10 −0.35 −0.67
Albumin, g L−1 35.90 2.65 25.79 39.55 36.26 −2.07 5.68
Globulin, g L−1 40.05 6.33 27.99 52.08 40.61 −0.23 −0.78
Total bilirubin, μmol L−1 3.98 4.63 0.29 22.48 2.14 2.57 6.98
Total bilirubin, ln(μmol L−1) 0.94 0.91 −1.24 3.11 0.76 0.35 0.24
Haptoglobin, g L−1 0.25 0.27 0.03 0.91 0.10 1.46 0.69
Haptoglobin, ln(g L−1) −1.91 0.98 −3.51 −0.09 −2.30 0.60 −0.87
ASTe, U L−1 106.67 69.78 49.98 394.07 89.35 3.15 9.75
ASTe, ln(U L−1) 4.56 0.42 3.91 5.98 4.49 1.90 4.32
GGTf, U L−1 28.78 9.66 16.27 63.94 26.63 1.50 3.64
GGTf, ln(U L−1) 3.32 0.31 2.79 4.16 3.28 0.40 0.20
APg, U L−1 50.85 22.75 21.44 103.73 42.84 0.87 −0.21
APg, ln(U L−1) 3.84 0.43 3.07 4.64 3.76 0.23 −0.88
  1. aSkewness
  2. bKurtosis
  3. cNon esterified fatty acids
  4. dβ-OH-butyric acid
  5. eAspartate amino transferase
  6. fγ-glutamyl transferase
  7. gAlkaline phosphatase