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Fig. 2 | BMC Veterinary Research

Fig. 2

From: Pedicle screw-rod fixation: a feasible treatment for dogs with severe degenerative lumbosacral stenosis

Fig. 2

a Transverse CT image of the lumbosacral (LS) junction of a 9-year-old Border collie (dog 9) with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis and discospondylitis. Spinal stenosis and severe intervertebral disc (IVD) bulging are visible and there is gas accumulation (vacuum phenomenon) present in the center of the L7-S1 IVD. b Transverse CT image at the level of S1 of a dog (dog 1) with pedicle screw-rod fixation, four years after implantation. No bony fusion between the L7 and S1 vertebrae was visible

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