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Table 6 The effect of TC (42 °C for 6 h; posthatch day 28) during 4 time terminals (at the beginning and after 1, 3 and 5 h of TC) on relative mRNA levels of Atrogin-1, cKM, avUCP, DIO3 and DIO2 in the Muscle of broiler chicks subjected to different TM protocols at ED 12–18 (n = 5)

From: Biochemical and molecular investigation of thermal manipulation protocols during broiler embryogenesis and subsequent thermal challenge

Parameters Groups Treatments
Control TM1 TM2 TM3 TM4
Atrogin-1 TN 1.00 ± 0.05aw 0.20 ± 0.01bw 0.26 ± 0.05bw 0.28 ± 0.08bw 0.30 ± 0.09bw
TC1 10.65 ± 0.02ax 5.60 ± 1.06bx 6.40 ± 1.14bx 5.52 ± 1.04bx 6.61 ± 1.05bx
TC3 20.13 ± 0.82ay 10.99 ± 1.50by 9.52 ± 1.08by 9.11 ± 1.88by 9.66 ± 1.44by
TC5 28.30 ± 5.40 az 16.02 ± 1.10bz 15.21 ± 1.34bz 16.11 ± 1.40bz 15.96 ± 1.21bz
cKM TN 1.00 ± 0.04 aw 1.29 ± 0.03 aw 1.25 ± 0.03 aw 1.25 ± 0.03 aw 1.36 ± 0.02 aw
TC1 1.60 ± 0.52 ax 1.33 ± 0.33 aw 1.95 ± 0.81 ax 1.95 ± 0.88 ax 1.66 ± 0.42 aw
TC3 1.96 ± 0.81 ax 1.56 ± 0.43 aw 1.55 ± 0.32 aw 1.72 ± 0.66 aw 1.53 ± 0.51 aw
TC5 1.89 ± 0.84 ax 1.04 ± 0.22 aw 1.37 ± 0.63 aw 1.44 ± 0.32 aw 1.45 ± 0.40 aw
avUCP TN 1.00 ± 0.32 aw 0.97 ± 0.71 aw 1.34 ± 0.24 aw 1.43 ± 0.40 aw 1.39 ± 0.19 aw
TC1 1.30 ± 0.21 aw 1.18 ± 0.31 aw 1.20 ± 0.11 aw 1.70 ± 0.51 aw 1.05 ± 0.21 aw
TC3 1.87 ± 0.60 ax 1.30 ± 0.29 aw 1.08 ± 0.33 aw 1.37 ± 0.23 aw 1.33 ± 0.21 aw
TC5 1.63 ± 0.40 aw 1.10 ± 0.24 aw 1.54 ± 0.45 aw 1.09 ± 0.21 aw 1.79 ± 0.71 aw
DIO3 TN 2.00 ± 0.01aw 2.36 ± 0.01bw 2.69 ± 0.01bw 2.63 ± 0.03bw 2.78 ± 0.03bw
TC1 3.43 ± 0.07ax 4.43 ± 0.02 bx 4.25 ± 0.08 bx 4.27 ± 0.03 bx 4.29 ± 0.08 bx
TC3 3.42 ± 0.06ax 4.37 ± 0.10 bx 4.34 ± 0.03 bx 4.32 ± 0.05 bx 4.31 ± 0.02 bx
TC5 3.56 ± 0.06ax 4.32 ± 0.03 bx 4.38 ± 0.07 bx 4.34 ± 0.01 bx 4.37 ± 0.08 bx
DIO2 TN 4.88 ± 0.01aw 2.27 ± 0.01bw 2.27 ± 0.03bw 2.26 ± 0.02bw 2.25 ± 0.03bw
TC1 3.17 ± 0.03ax 1.87 ± 0.08bx 1.90 ± 0.03bx 1.89 ± 0.01bx 1.13 ± 0.03bx
TC3 3.25 ± 0.02ax 1.90 ± 0.02bx 1.13 ± 0.08bx 1.32 ± 0.09bx 1.34 ± 0.04bx
TC5 3.15 ± 0.03ax 1.86 ± 0.01bx 1.32 ± 0.03bx 1.34 ± 0.04bx 1.38 ± 0.04bx
  1. a-wWithin the same row, means ± SD with different superscripts differ significantly (P <0.05)
  2. w-zWithin the same gene, means ± SD with different superscripts differ significantly (P <0.05)
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