Skip to main content

Table 5 The effect of TC (42 °C for 6 h; posthatch day 28) during 4 time terminals (at the beginning and after 1, 3 and 5 h of TC) on selected plasma electrolytes concentrations of broiler chicks subjected to different TM protocols at ED 12–18 (n = 5)

From: Biochemical and molecular investigation of thermal manipulation protocols during broiler embryogenesis and subsequent thermal challenge

Parameters Groups Treatments
Control TM1 TM2 TM3 TM4
Calcium TN 13.5 ± 0.7 aw 13.0 ± 1.4 aw 12.8 ± 0.3 aw 12.5 ± 0.7 aw 11.9 ± 2.6 aw
TC1 12.6 ± 0.6 aw 12.9 ± 1.8 aw 12.7 ± 0.5 aw 11.5 ± 3.3 aw 12.0 ± 0.0 aw
TC3 13.8 ± 1.2 aw 13.0 ± 1.4 aw 13.5 ± 0.7 aw 11.9 ± 1.8 aw 12.4 ± 0.5 aw
TC5 12.5 ± 0.8 aw 12.0 ± 1.2 aw 13.5 ± 3.0 aw 12.8 ± 0.8 aw 13.0 ± 2.2 aw
Magnesium TN 4.1 ± 1.4 aw 4.0 ± 1.1 aw 3.8 ± 1.5 aw 4.9 ± 1.6 aw 4.2 ± 1.6 aw
TC1 3.9 ± 1.1 aw 3.5 ± 1.3 aw 4.2 ± 1.4 aw 3.2 ± 1.5 aw 3.9 ± 1.1 aw
TC3 3.7 ± 1.3 aw 4.1 ± 1.2 aw 3.7 ± 1.1 aw 3.7 ± 1.3 aw 3.2 ± 1.6 aw
TC5 4.0 ± 1.1 aw 4.6 ± 1.8 aw 4.0 ± 1.6 aw 4.7 ± 1.1 aw 5.4 ± 1.8 aw
Sodium TN 146.3 ± 5.9 aw 147.9 ± 1.6 aw 142.5 ± 3.5 aw 142.4 ± 0.8 aw 146.5 ± 6.4 aw
TC1 142.5 ± 3.5 aw 137.7 ± 1.7 aw 139.3 ± 2.0 aw 138.5 ± 2.1 aw 142.5 ± 5.8 aw
TC3 139.6 ± 5.2 aw 140.7 ± 2.1 aw 141.5 ± 0.7 aw 141.7 ± 6.6 aw 140.0 ± 4.2 aw
TC5 138.0 ± 6.9 aw 143.6 ± 3.7 aw 138.1 ± 5.0 aw 142.2 ± 9.5 aw 143.6 ± 3.6 aw
Potassium TN 9.7 ± 1.3 aw 10.4 ± 1.4 aw 10.5 ± 0.2 aw 9.8 ± 1.3 aw 9.4 ± 1.4 aw
TC1 10.3 ± 1.5 aw 9.4 ± 1.1 aw 10.9 ± 1.0 aw 9.4 ± 1.6 aw 9.8 ± 1.4 aw
TC3 9.5 ± 1.6 aw 10.7 ± 1.3 aw 10.3 ± 1.2 aw 9.7 ± 1.1 aw 11.7 ± 1.4 aw
TC5 9.2 ± 1.3 aw 9.8 ± 1.3 aw 8.8 ± 2.6 aw 8.8 ± 1.4 aw 9.9 ± 1.8 aw
Chloride TN 113.0 ± 1.8 aw 112.5 ± 2.1 aw 114.0 ± 1.1 aw 110.5 ± 2.9 aw 107.5 ± 7.5 aw
TC1 116.5 ± 3.7 aw 109.5 ± 4.8 aw 116.0 ± 1.4 aw 113.0 ± 1.8 aw 112.0 ± 3.1 aw
TC3 118.5 ± 3.9 aw 116.0 ± 1.4 aw 116.0 ± 1.4 aw 115.5 ± 2.1 aw 114.5 ± 2.1 aw
TC5 114.5 ± 0.5 aw 112.0 ± 0.9 aw 112.0 ± 0.7 aw 114.5 ± 3.5 aw 115.0 ± 1.4 aw
  1. Control 37.8 °C, TM 1 Thermal manipulation at 38.5 °C for 18 h, TM 2 Thermal manipulation at 39 °C for 18 h, TM 3 Thermal manipulation at 39.5 °C for 18 h, TM 4 Thermal manipulation at 40 °C for 18 h, TC Thermal challenged
  2. a–d within rows, means ± SD with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)
  3. w-z Between naïve and TC chicks within a parameter, means ± SD with different superscripts differ significantly (P < 0.05)