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Table 5 Obese dogs not meeting NRC requirements during weight loss

From: Assessing the adequacy of essential nutrient intake in obese dogs undergoing energy restriction for weight loss: a cohort study

Nutrient Recommended allowancea Adequate intakeb Minimum requirementc
NRC d No. lesse %f NRC No. lesse %f NRC No. lesse %f
Crude protein (g) 3.28 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 2.62 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Arginine (g) 0.110 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.092 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Histidine (g) 0.062 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.048 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Isoleucine (g) 0.120 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.098 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Methionine & cysteine (g) 0.21 7, 12, 9 26, 44, 33 --- --- --- 0.17 1, 2, 1 4, 7, 4
Leucine (g) 0.22 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.18 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Lysine (g) 0.110 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.092 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Phenylalanine & tyrosine (g) 0.24 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.19 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Threonine (g) 0.14 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.11 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Tryptophan (g) 0.046 1, 2, 1 4, 7, 4 --- --- --- 0.036 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Valine (g) 0.16 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.13 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Linoleic acid (g) 0.36 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.30 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Calcium (g) 0.130 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.059 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Phosphorus (g) 0.10 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.10 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Magnesium (mg) 19.70 27, 27, 27 100,100,100 --- --- --- 5.91 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Sodium (mg) 26.2 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 9.85 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Potassium (g) 0.14 1, 2, 1 4, 7, 4 0.14 1, 2, 1 4, 7, 4 --- --- ---
Chloride (mg) 40 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 40 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Iron (mg) 1.0 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 1.0 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Copper (mg) 0.2 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.2 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Zinc (mg) 2.0 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 2.0 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Manganese (mg) 0.16 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.16 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Selenium (μg) 11.8 27, 27, 27 100,100,100 11.8 27, 27, 27 100,100,100 --- --- ---
Iodine (mg) 29.6 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 23.6 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Vitamin A (IU) 50 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 40 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Vitamin D3 (IU) 0.45 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.36 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Vitamin E (IU) 1.0 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.8 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Thiamine (mg) 0.074 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.059 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Riboflavin (mg) 0.171 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.138 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Pyridoxine (mg) 0.049 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- --- 0.040 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0
Niacin (mg) 0.49 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.39 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Pantothenic acid (mg) 0.49 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.40 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Cobalamin (μg) 1.15 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 0.92 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Folic acid (μg) 8.9 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 7.1 0, 0, 0 0, 0, 0 --- --- ---
Choline (mg) 56.0 17, 24, 20 63, 89, 74 45.0 1, 2, 1 4, 7, 4 --- --- ---
  1. aRecommended allowance: the concentration of nutrient demonstrated to support a defined physiological state [15]
  2. bAdequate intake: the concentration of nutrient demonstrated to support a defined physiological state when no minimal requirement has been demonstrated [15]
  3. cMinimum requirement: the minimal concentration of a maximally bioavailable nutrient that will support a defined physiological state [15]
  4. dAll requirements are expressed as the unit stated per kg BW0.75
  5. eThe number of dogs with nutrient intakes less than NRC cut-off based upon maximum, minimum, and mean daily intakes, respectively
  6. fThe percentage of dogs with nutrient intakes less than NRC cut-off based upon maximum, minimum, and mean daily intakes, respectively. Please see the footnote of Table 4 for definitions of maximum, minimum and mean intakes